Flammability is one of the main drawbacks affecting polymer matrix composites (PMCs), limiting metal replacement in several applications. Phosphorus compounds demonstrated a great ability in contrasting fire spreading. Here, phosphorylated poly(vinyl alcohol) (PPVA) has been synthesized and used as an intumescent flame inhibitor coating for carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates. The synthesized PPVAs, with a phosphorylation degree up to 7.5 %wt, were investigated by spectroscopic (NMR and IR) and thermal (TGA and DSC) analyses. Moreover, thermal degradation kinetics was also rationalized by applying differential and integrals methods: the phosphorus catalytic effect combined with radicals-coupling behaviour deriving from the phosphorus species developed during the combustion has been highlighted, confirming the inhibitor role of PPVAs. Cone-calorimeter tests, simulating a small-scale fire scenario, were carried out on poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated and PPVA-coated materials prepared by solvent casting. Results highlight the anti-flame properties of PPVAs, especially as effective flame inhibitors: up to −58 % in the time of flame (TOF). Instead, poly(vinyl alcohol) coatings lead to an overall worsening of the material fire behaviour, highlighting the crucial role of phosphorous to reduce flammability. Such promising results pave the way for the use of PPVA coatings to reduce the fire risk of flammable composites making them safer.

Phosphorylated poly(vinyl alcohol) surface coatings as intumescent flame inhibitor for polymer matrix composites

Scurti S.;Ortolani J.
;
Ghirri A.;Maccaferri E.
;
Caretti D.;Mazzocchetti L.
2023

Abstract

Flammability is one of the main drawbacks affecting polymer matrix composites (PMCs), limiting metal replacement in several applications. Phosphorus compounds demonstrated a great ability in contrasting fire spreading. Here, phosphorylated poly(vinyl alcohol) (PPVA) has been synthesized and used as an intumescent flame inhibitor coating for carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminates. The synthesized PPVAs, with a phosphorylation degree up to 7.5 %wt, were investigated by spectroscopic (NMR and IR) and thermal (TGA and DSC) analyses. Moreover, thermal degradation kinetics was also rationalized by applying differential and integrals methods: the phosphorus catalytic effect combined with radicals-coupling behaviour deriving from the phosphorus species developed during the combustion has been highlighted, confirming the inhibitor role of PPVAs. Cone-calorimeter tests, simulating a small-scale fire scenario, were carried out on poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated and PPVA-coated materials prepared by solvent casting. Results highlight the anti-flame properties of PPVAs, especially as effective flame inhibitors: up to −58 % in the time of flame (TOF). Instead, poly(vinyl alcohol) coatings lead to an overall worsening of the material fire behaviour, highlighting the crucial role of phosphorous to reduce flammability. Such promising results pave the way for the use of PPVA coatings to reduce the fire risk of flammable composites making them safer.
2023
Scurti S.; Ortolani J.; Ghirri A.; Maccaferri E.; Caretti D.; Mazzocchetti L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/918171
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