Background: To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of the BAlloon Inducted re-Lamination and false lUmen Thrombosis (BAILOUT) as a simple technique to address the retrograde false lumen (FL) perfusion and subsequent aneurysmatic degeneration of the thoracic aorta due to a stent-graft crimped in a small true lumen in chronic Type B dissections. Methods: An observational, retrospective, single-center study analyzing a nonconsecutive cohort of 8 patients affected by chronic type B aortic dissections already treated with thoracic endovascular repair and with an FL lumen backflow corrected with BAILOUT between 2006 and 2020. After a standard distal extension of the previously implanted graft, the distal end of the graft area was ballooned to completely rupture the dissection lamella to relaminate the aorta hindering the FL backflow. Computed tomography was routinely performed within the first postoperative week before discharge and then at 3 months, at 6 months, and yearly thereafter. The technical and clinical success rates were analyzed. Primary outcomes were safety and feasibility of the technique, secondary ones included FL thrombosis evaluation, and total aortic diameter analysis at the above-defined levels during the follow-up. Safety was defined if clinical success was reached. Feasibility was intended as technical success obtention. Results: The technical and clinical success achieved was 100% with the complete interruption of FL backflow stating the safety and feasibility of the BAILOUT technique. No early procedure reinterventions were recorded and during a median follow-up of 62.5 months [interquartile range 43.2-94.1], only 1 death unrelated to the procedure was recorded. Freedom from aortic-related adverse events at 1 month, 3 months, 1 year, 5, and 7 years was 87.5%, 62.5%, 62.5%, 62.5%, and 62.5%, respectively. During the follow-up, no one increment of the diameter of the thoracic aorta was documented and all the patients at 3 years of computed tomography angiography showed a complete FL thrombosis. Conclusions: The BAILOUT technique demonstrates to be safe and feasible in this small cohort of patients as a simple and quick way to overcome the issue of FL backflow in chronic type B dissection. Small cohort and retrospective designs were limitations of the study.

Balloon Inducted Re-Lamination and False lUmen Thrombosis in Chronic Type B Aortic Dissection: Technique and Long-Term Results

Andreoli, Francesco
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Leone, Nicola
Methodology
;
Bartolotti, Luigi Alberto Maria;Covic, Tea;
2023

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of the BAlloon Inducted re-Lamination and false lUmen Thrombosis (BAILOUT) as a simple technique to address the retrograde false lumen (FL) perfusion and subsequent aneurysmatic degeneration of the thoracic aorta due to a stent-graft crimped in a small true lumen in chronic Type B dissections. Methods: An observational, retrospective, single-center study analyzing a nonconsecutive cohort of 8 patients affected by chronic type B aortic dissections already treated with thoracic endovascular repair and with an FL lumen backflow corrected with BAILOUT between 2006 and 2020. After a standard distal extension of the previously implanted graft, the distal end of the graft area was ballooned to completely rupture the dissection lamella to relaminate the aorta hindering the FL backflow. Computed tomography was routinely performed within the first postoperative week before discharge and then at 3 months, at 6 months, and yearly thereafter. The technical and clinical success rates were analyzed. Primary outcomes were safety and feasibility of the technique, secondary ones included FL thrombosis evaluation, and total aortic diameter analysis at the above-defined levels during the follow-up. Safety was defined if clinical success was reached. Feasibility was intended as technical success obtention. Results: The technical and clinical success achieved was 100% with the complete interruption of FL backflow stating the safety and feasibility of the BAILOUT technique. No early procedure reinterventions were recorded and during a median follow-up of 62.5 months [interquartile range 43.2-94.1], only 1 death unrelated to the procedure was recorded. Freedom from aortic-related adverse events at 1 month, 3 months, 1 year, 5, and 7 years was 87.5%, 62.5%, 62.5%, 62.5%, and 62.5%, respectively. During the follow-up, no one increment of the diameter of the thoracic aorta was documented and all the patients at 3 years of computed tomography angiography showed a complete FL thrombosis. Conclusions: The BAILOUT technique demonstrates to be safe and feasible in this small cohort of patients as a simple and quick way to overcome the issue of FL backflow in chronic type B dissection. Small cohort and retrospective designs were limitations of the study.
2023
Gennai, Stefano; Andreoli, Francesco; Leone, Nicola; Bartolotti, Luigi Alberto Maria; Covic, Tea; Silingardi, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/917497
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