Liller 1 and Terzan 5 are two massive systems in the Milky Way bulge hosting populations characterized by significantly different ages (Delta t > 7-8 Gyr) and metallicities (Delta[Fe/H] similar to 1 dex). Their origin is still strongly debated in the literature and all formation scenarios proposed so far require some level of fine-tuning. The detailed star formation histories of these systems may represent an important piece of information to assess their origin. Here we present the first attempt to perform such an analysis for Liller 1. The first key result we find is that Liller 1 has been forming stars over its entire lifetime. More specifically, three broad star formation episodes are clearly detected: (1) a dominant one, occurring some 12-13 Gyr ago with a tail extending for up to similar to 3 Gyr; (2) an intermediate burst, between 6 and 9 Gyr ago; and (3) a recent one, occurring between 1 and 3 Gyr ago. The old population contributes to about 70% of the total stellar mass, and the remaining fraction is almost equally split between the intermediate and young populations. If we take these results at face value, they would suggest that this system unlikely formed through the merger between an old globular cluster and a giant molecular cloud, as recently proposed. On the contrary, our findings provide further support to the idea that Liller 1 is the surviving relic of a massive primordial structure that contributed to the Galactic bulge formation, similarly to the giant clumps observed in star-forming high-redshift galaxies.

Clues to the Formation of Liller 1 from Modeling Its Complex Star Formation History / Emanuele Dalessandro; Chiara Crociati; Michele Cignoni; Francesco R. Ferraro; Barbara Lanzoni; Livia Origlia; Cristina Pallanca; R. Michael Rich; Sara Saracino; Elena Valenti. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - STAMPA. - 940:2(2022), pp. 170.1-170.15. [10.3847/1538-4357/ac9907]

Clues to the Formation of Liller 1 from Modeling Its Complex Star Formation History

Chiara Crociati
Methodology
;
Francesco R. Ferraro
Funding Acquisition
;
Barbara Lanzoni
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cristina Pallanca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022

Abstract

Liller 1 and Terzan 5 are two massive systems in the Milky Way bulge hosting populations characterized by significantly different ages (Delta t > 7-8 Gyr) and metallicities (Delta[Fe/H] similar to 1 dex). Their origin is still strongly debated in the literature and all formation scenarios proposed so far require some level of fine-tuning. The detailed star formation histories of these systems may represent an important piece of information to assess their origin. Here we present the first attempt to perform such an analysis for Liller 1. The first key result we find is that Liller 1 has been forming stars over its entire lifetime. More specifically, three broad star formation episodes are clearly detected: (1) a dominant one, occurring some 12-13 Gyr ago with a tail extending for up to similar to 3 Gyr; (2) an intermediate burst, between 6 and 9 Gyr ago; and (3) a recent one, occurring between 1 and 3 Gyr ago. The old population contributes to about 70% of the total stellar mass, and the remaining fraction is almost equally split between the intermediate and young populations. If we take these results at face value, they would suggest that this system unlikely formed through the merger between an old globular cluster and a giant molecular cloud, as recently proposed. On the contrary, our findings provide further support to the idea that Liller 1 is the surviving relic of a massive primordial structure that contributed to the Galactic bulge formation, similarly to the giant clumps observed in star-forming high-redshift galaxies.
2022
Clues to the Formation of Liller 1 from Modeling Its Complex Star Formation History / Emanuele Dalessandro; Chiara Crociati; Michele Cignoni; Francesco R. Ferraro; Barbara Lanzoni; Livia Origlia; Cristina Pallanca; R. Michael Rich; Sara Saracino; Elena Valenti. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - STAMPA. - 940:2(2022), pp. 170.1-170.15. [10.3847/1538-4357/ac9907]
Emanuele Dalessandro; Chiara Crociati; Michele Cignoni; Francesco R. Ferraro; Barbara Lanzoni; Livia Origlia; Cristina Pallanca; R. Michael Rich; Sara Saracino; Elena Valenti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/917222
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