There is a lack of information on the number of horses shipped globally by air annually, the purpose of air travel and the routes of their journeys. This pilot study aimed to collect retrospective data on the international movements of horses by air from 2018 to 2021, describe their routes, and identify the possible effects of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. Equine transport data was gathered from 7 of 15 international shipping companies (ISCs) and 5 of 8 airlines contacted by email. The seven ISCs performed a median of 10,401 horse movements annually, ranging from a few hundred to several thousand movements per company, most frequently in Europe (Western and Northern Europe), Middle East/Africa (Middle East, Southern Africa), Asia Pacific (Australia), and the Americas (North and South America). The five airlines performed a median of 10,656 horse movements annually, importing and exporting horses to and from Europe, North America, Australasia, and the Middle East. For all but one airline, the number of horse movements decreased in 2020. The number and journey characteristics of horses transported by air require further scientific studies focused on the epidemiological and welfare risks unique to this type of transport to enable the development and implementation of best practices and regulations based on objective evidence.

Pilot Study on Annual Horse Movements by Air and the Possible Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic / Felici M.; Cogger N.; Riley C.B.; Padalino B.. - In: JOURNAL OF EQUINE VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0737-0806. - ELETTRONICO. - 121:(2023), pp. 104208.1-104208.4. [10.1016/j.jevs.2022.104208]

Pilot Study on Annual Horse Movements by Air and the Possible Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic

Felici M.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Padalino B.
Ultimo
Supervision
2023

Abstract

There is a lack of information on the number of horses shipped globally by air annually, the purpose of air travel and the routes of their journeys. This pilot study aimed to collect retrospective data on the international movements of horses by air from 2018 to 2021, describe their routes, and identify the possible effects of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. Equine transport data was gathered from 7 of 15 international shipping companies (ISCs) and 5 of 8 airlines contacted by email. The seven ISCs performed a median of 10,401 horse movements annually, ranging from a few hundred to several thousand movements per company, most frequently in Europe (Western and Northern Europe), Middle East/Africa (Middle East, Southern Africa), Asia Pacific (Australia), and the Americas (North and South America). The five airlines performed a median of 10,656 horse movements annually, importing and exporting horses to and from Europe, North America, Australasia, and the Middle East. For all but one airline, the number of horse movements decreased in 2020. The number and journey characteristics of horses transported by air require further scientific studies focused on the epidemiological and welfare risks unique to this type of transport to enable the development and implementation of best practices and regulations based on objective evidence.
2023
Pilot Study on Annual Horse Movements by Air and the Possible Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic / Felici M.; Cogger N.; Riley C.B.; Padalino B.. - In: JOURNAL OF EQUINE VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0737-0806. - ELETTRONICO. - 121:(2023), pp. 104208.1-104208.4. [10.1016/j.jevs.2022.104208]
Felici M.; Cogger N.; Riley C.B.; Padalino B.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Felici et al, 2023 - Pre-print IRIS.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Preprint
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
Dimensione 367.91 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
367.91 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/916830
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact