Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms with a wide spectrum of clinical behavior, from the long survival of well-differentiated NETs to the dismal prognosis of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), being G3 NETs a recently recognized intermediate entity. While the role of chemotherapy is well established in NECs, data on NETs mostly derives from small studies, experts' opinions, and extrapolating results from small-cell lung cancer studies. This narrative review aims to summarize available evidence about the use of chemotherapy in the setting of G1-2 NETs and G3 NETs. We performed literature research in PubMed Library for all articles published up to September 2022 about the efficacy of chemotherapy in NETs. Treatment regimens with STZ-5FU, CAPTEM, and anti-metabolite-based treatment are the most active and tolerated in gastroenteropancreatic NETs (GEP-NETs) G1-G2, while platinum-based regimens (FOLFOX/XELOX) and TEM/CAPTEM showed the best activity in thoracic NETs. Solid evidence about chemotherapy efficacy in G3 NETs is still lacking. Literature data support the use of chemotherapy in low-intermediate grade NETs after the failure of other therapies or if tumor shrinkage is needed. Studies assessing G3 NETs independently from NECs are needed to better understand the role of chemotherapy in this setting.

Chemotherapy in Well Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET) G1, G2, and G3: A Narrative Review / Arianna Zappi; irene persano; Linda Galvani; Elena Parlagreco; Elisa Andrini; Davide Campana; Maria Pia Brizzi; Giuseppe Lamberti; ANNA LA SALVIA. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - STAMPA. - 12:2(2023), pp. 717.1-717.19. [10.3390/jcm12020717]

Chemotherapy in Well Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET) G1, G2, and G3: A Narrative Review

Arianna Zappi;Linda Galvani;Elisa Andrini;Davide Campana;Giuseppe Lamberti
;
2023

Abstract

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms with a wide spectrum of clinical behavior, from the long survival of well-differentiated NETs to the dismal prognosis of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), being G3 NETs a recently recognized intermediate entity. While the role of chemotherapy is well established in NECs, data on NETs mostly derives from small studies, experts' opinions, and extrapolating results from small-cell lung cancer studies. This narrative review aims to summarize available evidence about the use of chemotherapy in the setting of G1-2 NETs and G3 NETs. We performed literature research in PubMed Library for all articles published up to September 2022 about the efficacy of chemotherapy in NETs. Treatment regimens with STZ-5FU, CAPTEM, and anti-metabolite-based treatment are the most active and tolerated in gastroenteropancreatic NETs (GEP-NETs) G1-G2, while platinum-based regimens (FOLFOX/XELOX) and TEM/CAPTEM showed the best activity in thoracic NETs. Solid evidence about chemotherapy efficacy in G3 NETs is still lacking. Literature data support the use of chemotherapy in low-intermediate grade NETs after the failure of other therapies or if tumor shrinkage is needed. Studies assessing G3 NETs independently from NECs are needed to better understand the role of chemotherapy in this setting.
2023
Chemotherapy in Well Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET) G1, G2, and G3: A Narrative Review / Arianna Zappi; irene persano; Linda Galvani; Elena Parlagreco; Elisa Andrini; Davide Campana; Maria Pia Brizzi; Giuseppe Lamberti; ANNA LA SALVIA. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - STAMPA. - 12:2(2023), pp. 717.1-717.19. [10.3390/jcm12020717]
Arianna Zappi; irene persano; Linda Galvani; Elena Parlagreco; Elisa Andrini; Davide Campana; Maria Pia Brizzi; Giuseppe Lamberti; ANNA LA SALVIA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/916289
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