Wastes and by-products of plant origin are of particular interest to develop a circular economy approach, which attempts to turn them into resources. In this work, thirty-seven neglected plant matrices, including agricultural residues, pest plants, and by-products from the herbal and food industry were extracted and tested for their in vitro anti-tyrosinase, antioxidant, and antibacterial activity against the phytopathogens Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae ATCC 19310 and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskense ATCC 27822. Antioxidant activity ranged from 0.3 to 5 mg of Tr. eq/mL of plant extract, and extract of Castanea sativa pericarp (Csp), Rosa damascena buds (post-distillation) (Rod), and Prunus amygdalus exocarp and mesocarp (Pam) were the most powerful ones. Csp was also capable of inhibiting tyrosinase (IC50 = 16.5 g/mL), as well as three distillation by-products, namely: Cupressus sempervirens (Css) (IC50 = 95.5 g/mL), Salvia officinalis (Sco) (IC50 = 87.6 g/mL), and Helichrysum italicum (Hei) (IC50 = 90.1 g/mL). Five residues from distillation showed antibacterial activity against C. michiganensis (MICs ranging from 0.125 to 1 mg/mL), namely: Salvia sclarea L. (Sas), Salvia rosmarinus Schleid (Sar), Sco, Hei, and Css. The 1H NMR fingerprinting of the bioactive matrices was acquired, detecting primary and secondary metabolites (rosmarinic acid, shikimic acid, sclareol, and hydroxycinnamic acids).

Phytochemical Profile and In Vitro Bioactivities of Plant-Based By-Products in View of a Potential Reuse and Valorization / Chiocchio, Ilaria; Mandrone, Manuela; Tacchini, Massimo; Guerrini, Alessandra; Poli, Ferruccio. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2023), pp. 795-805. [10.3390/plants12040795]

Phytochemical Profile and In Vitro Bioactivities of Plant-Based By-Products in View of a Potential Reuse and Valorization

Chiocchio, Ilaria;Mandrone, Manuela;Poli, Ferruccio
Ultimo
Funding Acquisition
2023

Abstract

Wastes and by-products of plant origin are of particular interest to develop a circular economy approach, which attempts to turn them into resources. In this work, thirty-seven neglected plant matrices, including agricultural residues, pest plants, and by-products from the herbal and food industry were extracted and tested for their in vitro anti-tyrosinase, antioxidant, and antibacterial activity against the phytopathogens Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae ATCC 19310 and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskense ATCC 27822. Antioxidant activity ranged from 0.3 to 5 mg of Tr. eq/mL of plant extract, and extract of Castanea sativa pericarp (Csp), Rosa damascena buds (post-distillation) (Rod), and Prunus amygdalus exocarp and mesocarp (Pam) were the most powerful ones. Csp was also capable of inhibiting tyrosinase (IC50 = 16.5 g/mL), as well as three distillation by-products, namely: Cupressus sempervirens (Css) (IC50 = 95.5 g/mL), Salvia officinalis (Sco) (IC50 = 87.6 g/mL), and Helichrysum italicum (Hei) (IC50 = 90.1 g/mL). Five residues from distillation showed antibacterial activity against C. michiganensis (MICs ranging from 0.125 to 1 mg/mL), namely: Salvia sclarea L. (Sas), Salvia rosmarinus Schleid (Sar), Sco, Hei, and Css. The 1H NMR fingerprinting of the bioactive matrices was acquired, detecting primary and secondary metabolites (rosmarinic acid, shikimic acid, sclareol, and hydroxycinnamic acids).
2023
Phytochemical Profile and In Vitro Bioactivities of Plant-Based By-Products in View of a Potential Reuse and Valorization / Chiocchio, Ilaria; Mandrone, Manuela; Tacchini, Massimo; Guerrini, Alessandra; Poli, Ferruccio. - In: PLANTS. - ISSN 2223-7747. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:4(2023), pp. 795-805. [10.3390/plants12040795]
Chiocchio, Ilaria; Mandrone, Manuela; Tacchini, Massimo; Guerrini, Alessandra; Poli, Ferruccio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/915757
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