Among Sicilian stick insects, two hybridogenetic complexes have been discovered: Bacillus rossius–grandii benazzii and B. rossius–grandii grandii, which also produce androgenetic offspring. The egg maturation of the former is analyzed here through DAPI fluorom etry, which, besides the assessment of the meiotic stages, also allows their DNA measurements and the analysis of sperm‐head evolution into male pronuclei in these polyspermic eggs. Hybridogenetic eggs undergo an extrasynthesis of chromosomes, because two groups of n autobivalents (4C each) are segregated at metaphase 1st; the two groups must correspond to the pure parental species haplosets. Then the grandii chromosomes degenerate (1st polar body), while the rossius chromosomes divide further to produce two groups of n autodiads (2C each); one of them degenerates (2nd polar body), and the other is ready to perform syngamy (female pronucleus). Meanwhile, several B. grandii sperm evolve into male pronuclei by doubling their DNA (from 1C to 2C content) and assuming an interphase nucleus appearance. If regular mixis occurs, the F1 hybrid constitution is restored but, if it fails, a fusion between two sperms may occur, originating fully paternal descendants (natural androgenesis). The genome exclusion mechanism of stick‐insect hybridogens appears to be more primitive than those observed in the already known hybridogenetic complexes of Poeciliopsis and Rana esculenta. Unfertilized eggs of hybridogens are capable of self activation, but the cytology of the related clonally reproducing B. whitei indicates that its parthenogenetic mechanism stems from the hybridization event (hybrid theory) rather than from tychoparthenogenetic potentialities (spontaneous theory). © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Genome exclusion and gametic dapi—dna content in the hybridogenetic Bacillus rossius—grandii benazzii complex (insecta phasmatodea)

Tinti F.;Scali V.
1992

Abstract

Among Sicilian stick insects, two hybridogenetic complexes have been discovered: Bacillus rossius–grandii benazzii and B. rossius–grandii grandii, which also produce androgenetic offspring. The egg maturation of the former is analyzed here through DAPI fluorom etry, which, besides the assessment of the meiotic stages, also allows their DNA measurements and the analysis of sperm‐head evolution into male pronuclei in these polyspermic eggs. Hybridogenetic eggs undergo an extrasynthesis of chromosomes, because two groups of n autobivalents (4C each) are segregated at metaphase 1st; the two groups must correspond to the pure parental species haplosets. Then the grandii chromosomes degenerate (1st polar body), while the rossius chromosomes divide further to produce two groups of n autodiads (2C each); one of them degenerates (2nd polar body), and the other is ready to perform syngamy (female pronucleus). Meanwhile, several B. grandii sperm evolve into male pronuclei by doubling their DNA (from 1C to 2C content) and assuming an interphase nucleus appearance. If regular mixis occurs, the F1 hybrid constitution is restored but, if it fails, a fusion between two sperms may occur, originating fully paternal descendants (natural androgenesis). The genome exclusion mechanism of stick‐insect hybridogens appears to be more primitive than those observed in the already known hybridogenetic complexes of Poeciliopsis and Rana esculenta. Unfertilized eggs of hybridogens are capable of self activation, but the cytology of the related clonally reproducing B. whitei indicates that its parthenogenetic mechanism stems from the hybridization event (hybrid theory) rather than from tychoparthenogenetic potentialities (spontaneous theory). © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/914833
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