Introduction: Pig seminal plasma (SP) is rich in active forms of all three isoforms (1-3) of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), a chemokine modulatory of the immune environment in the female genital tract once semen is delivered during mating or artificial insemination (AI). The present study aimed to examine how TGFβs are secreted by the epithelium of the male reproductive tract and how they are transported in semen, emphasizing the interplay with seminal extracellular vesicles (sEVs). Methods: Source of TGF-βs was examined by immunohistochemistry in testis, epididymis, and accessory sex glands, by immunocytochemistry in ejaculated spermatozoa, and by Luminex xMAP® technology in SP and sEVs retrieved from healthy, fertile male pigs used as breeders in AI programs. Results: All three TGF-β isoforms were expressed in all reproductive tissues explored and would be released into ductal lumen either in soluble form or associated with sEVs. Ejaculated spermatozoa expressed all three TGF-β isoforms, both inside and outside, probably the outer one associated with membrane-bound sEVs. The results confirmed that pig SP contains all three TGF-β isoforms and demonstrated that a substantial portion of them is associated with sEVs. Discussion: Seminal EVs would be involved in the cellular secretion of the active forms of seminal TGF-β isoforms and in their safe transport from the male to the female reproductive tract.

Extracellular vesicles would be involved in the release and delivery of seminal TGF-β isoforms in pigs / Padilla, Lorena; Barranco, Isabel; Martínez-Hernández, Jesús; Parra, Ana; Parrilla, Inmaculada; Pastor, Luis Miguel; Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto; Lucas, Xiomara; Roca, Jordi. - In: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 2297-1769. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1102049.1-1102049.13. [10.3389/fvets.2023.1102049]

Extracellular vesicles would be involved in the release and delivery of seminal TGF-β isoforms in pigs

Barranco, Isabel
Co-primo
;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Pig seminal plasma (SP) is rich in active forms of all three isoforms (1-3) of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), a chemokine modulatory of the immune environment in the female genital tract once semen is delivered during mating or artificial insemination (AI). The present study aimed to examine how TGFβs are secreted by the epithelium of the male reproductive tract and how they are transported in semen, emphasizing the interplay with seminal extracellular vesicles (sEVs). Methods: Source of TGF-βs was examined by immunohistochemistry in testis, epididymis, and accessory sex glands, by immunocytochemistry in ejaculated spermatozoa, and by Luminex xMAP® technology in SP and sEVs retrieved from healthy, fertile male pigs used as breeders in AI programs. Results: All three TGF-β isoforms were expressed in all reproductive tissues explored and would be released into ductal lumen either in soluble form or associated with sEVs. Ejaculated spermatozoa expressed all three TGF-β isoforms, both inside and outside, probably the outer one associated with membrane-bound sEVs. The results confirmed that pig SP contains all three TGF-β isoforms and demonstrated that a substantial portion of them is associated with sEVs. Discussion: Seminal EVs would be involved in the cellular secretion of the active forms of seminal TGF-β isoforms and in their safe transport from the male to the female reproductive tract.
2023
Extracellular vesicles would be involved in the release and delivery of seminal TGF-β isoforms in pigs / Padilla, Lorena; Barranco, Isabel; Martínez-Hernández, Jesús; Parra, Ana; Parrilla, Inmaculada; Pastor, Luis Miguel; Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto; Lucas, Xiomara; Roca, Jordi. - In: FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE. - ISSN 2297-1769. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2023), pp. 1102049.1-1102049.13. [10.3389/fvets.2023.1102049]
Padilla, Lorena; Barranco, Isabel; Martínez-Hernández, Jesús; Parra, Ana; Parrilla, Inmaculada; Pastor, Luis Miguel; Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto; Lucas, Xiomara; Roca, Jordi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/914448
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