Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are considered almost purely interfacial devices with charge current mainly confined in the first two semiconducting layers in contact with the dielectric with no active role of the film thickness exceeding six to eight monolayers (MLs). By a combined electronic, morphological, structural, and theoretical investigation, it is demonstrated that the charge mobility and source-drain current in 2,20-(2,20-bithiophene-5,50-diyl)bis(5-butyl-5H-thieno[2,3-c]pyrrole-4,6)-dione (NT4N) organic transistors directly correlate with the out-of-plane domain size and crystallite orientation in the vertical direction, well beyond the dielectric interfacial layers. Polycrystalline films with thickness as high as 75 nm (approximate to 30 MLs) and 3D molecular architecture provide the best electrical and optoelectronic OFET characteristics, highlighting that the molecular orientational order in the bulk of the film is the key-enabling factor for optimum device performance. X-ray scattering analysis and multiscale simulations reveal the functional correlation between the thickness-dependent molecular packing, electron mobility, and vertical charge distribution. These results call for a broader view of the fundamental mechanisms that govern field-effect charge transport in OFETs beyond the interfacial 2D paradigm and demonstrate the unexpected role of the out-of-plane domain size and crystallite orientation in polycrystalline films to achieve optimum electronic and optoelectronic properties in organic transistors.

Beyond the 2D Field-Effect Charge Transport Paradigm in Molecular Thin-Film Transistors / Benvenuti, E; Portale, G; Brucale, M; Quiroga, SD; Baldoni, M; MacKenzie, RCI; Mercuri, F; Canola, S; Negri, F; Lago, N; Buonomo, M; Pollesel, A; Cester, A; Zambianchi, M; Melucci, M; Muccini, M; Toffanin, S. - In: ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS. - ISSN 2199-160X. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:1(2023), pp. 2200547.1-2200547.11. [10.1002/aelm.202200547]

Beyond the 2D Field-Effect Charge Transport Paradigm in Molecular Thin-Film Transistors

Negri, F;
2023

Abstract

Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are considered almost purely interfacial devices with charge current mainly confined in the first two semiconducting layers in contact with the dielectric with no active role of the film thickness exceeding six to eight monolayers (MLs). By a combined electronic, morphological, structural, and theoretical investigation, it is demonstrated that the charge mobility and source-drain current in 2,20-(2,20-bithiophene-5,50-diyl)bis(5-butyl-5H-thieno[2,3-c]pyrrole-4,6)-dione (NT4N) organic transistors directly correlate with the out-of-plane domain size and crystallite orientation in the vertical direction, well beyond the dielectric interfacial layers. Polycrystalline films with thickness as high as 75 nm (approximate to 30 MLs) and 3D molecular architecture provide the best electrical and optoelectronic OFET characteristics, highlighting that the molecular orientational order in the bulk of the film is the key-enabling factor for optimum device performance. X-ray scattering analysis and multiscale simulations reveal the functional correlation between the thickness-dependent molecular packing, electron mobility, and vertical charge distribution. These results call for a broader view of the fundamental mechanisms that govern field-effect charge transport in OFETs beyond the interfacial 2D paradigm and demonstrate the unexpected role of the out-of-plane domain size and crystallite orientation in polycrystalline films to achieve optimum electronic and optoelectronic properties in organic transistors.
2023
Beyond the 2D Field-Effect Charge Transport Paradigm in Molecular Thin-Film Transistors / Benvenuti, E; Portale, G; Brucale, M; Quiroga, SD; Baldoni, M; MacKenzie, RCI; Mercuri, F; Canola, S; Negri, F; Lago, N; Buonomo, M; Pollesel, A; Cester, A; Zambianchi, M; Melucci, M; Muccini, M; Toffanin, S. - In: ADVANCED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS. - ISSN 2199-160X. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:1(2023), pp. 2200547.1-2200547.11. [10.1002/aelm.202200547]
Benvenuti, E; Portale, G; Brucale, M; Quiroga, SD; Baldoni, M; MacKenzie, RCI; Mercuri, F; Canola, S; Negri, F; Lago, N; Buonomo, M; Pollesel, A; Cester, A; Zambianchi, M; Melucci, M; Muccini, M; Toffanin, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/913051
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