: In waste-to-energy plants, the determination of the flue gas flow rate in the post-combustion section is of the utmost importance, e.g., for the verification of the compliance to the minimum residence time requirements (tres>2s) or for the control of flue gas treatment reactant injection, but the harsh conditions (high temperature and content of pollutants) do not allow for a direct measurement. The present work reports an experimental assessment of an indirect approach to estimate the flue gas flow rate in the post-combustion section of a rotary kiln plant with reduced uncertainty. This method consists on the direct measurement of the flow rate at a "colder" section of the plant (the boiler outlet) combined to the simultaneous measurements of flue gas composition measurements upstream and downstream of the boiler. From these measurements it is then possible to determine the mass of false air and to retrieve the actual flue gas flow-rate in the post-combustion chamber. A massive experimental campaign has been conducted at a full-scale medical waste incinerator, in which flue gas flow rate was estimated at different waste loads and ambient conditions. The results show that the percentage of false air can be significant and simply neglecting it can lead to substantial under-performance of the plant. Issues related to the practical implementation of the methods are illustrated in detail and the possibility to extend the methodology towards an online determination of post-combustion flue gas flow rate is discussed.

Experimental assessment of an indirect method to measure the post-combustion flue gas flow rate in waste-to-energy plant based on multi-point measurements / Bellani G.; Lazzarini L.; Dal Pozzo A.; Moretti S.; Zattini M.; Cozzani V.; Talamelli A.. - In: WASTE MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0956-053X. - ELETTRONICO. - 157:(2023), pp. 91-99. [10.1016/j.wasman.2022.12.004]

Experimental assessment of an indirect method to measure the post-combustion flue gas flow rate in waste-to-energy plant based on multi-point measurements

Bellani G.
;
Lazzarini L.;Dal Pozzo A.;Cozzani V.;Talamelli A.
2023

Abstract

: In waste-to-energy plants, the determination of the flue gas flow rate in the post-combustion section is of the utmost importance, e.g., for the verification of the compliance to the minimum residence time requirements (tres>2s) or for the control of flue gas treatment reactant injection, but the harsh conditions (high temperature and content of pollutants) do not allow for a direct measurement. The present work reports an experimental assessment of an indirect approach to estimate the flue gas flow rate in the post-combustion section of a rotary kiln plant with reduced uncertainty. This method consists on the direct measurement of the flow rate at a "colder" section of the plant (the boiler outlet) combined to the simultaneous measurements of flue gas composition measurements upstream and downstream of the boiler. From these measurements it is then possible to determine the mass of false air and to retrieve the actual flue gas flow-rate in the post-combustion chamber. A massive experimental campaign has been conducted at a full-scale medical waste incinerator, in which flue gas flow rate was estimated at different waste loads and ambient conditions. The results show that the percentage of false air can be significant and simply neglecting it can lead to substantial under-performance of the plant. Issues related to the practical implementation of the methods are illustrated in detail and the possibility to extend the methodology towards an online determination of post-combustion flue gas flow rate is discussed.
2023
Experimental assessment of an indirect method to measure the post-combustion flue gas flow rate in waste-to-energy plant based on multi-point measurements / Bellani G.; Lazzarini L.; Dal Pozzo A.; Moretti S.; Zattini M.; Cozzani V.; Talamelli A.. - In: WASTE MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0956-053X. - ELETTRONICO. - 157:(2023), pp. 91-99. [10.1016/j.wasman.2022.12.004]
Bellani G.; Lazzarini L.; Dal Pozzo A.; Moretti S.; Zattini M.; Cozzani V.; Talamelli A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/912306
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