The Venus Express Radio Science Experiment (VeRa) was part of the scientific payload of the Venus Express (VEX) spacecraft and was targeted at the investigation of Venus’ atmosphere, surface, and gravity field as well as the interplanetary medium. This paper describes the methods and the required calibrations applied to VEX-VeRa raw radio occultation data used to retrieve vertical profiles of Venus’ ionosphere and neutral atmosphere. In this work we perform an independent analysis of a set of 25 VEX, single-frequency (X-band), occultations carried out in 2014, recorded in open-loop at the NASA Deep Space Network. Our temperature, pressure and electron density vertical profiles are in agreement with previous studies available in the literature. Furthermore, our analysis shows that Venus’ ionosphere is more influenced by the day/night condition than the latitude variations, while the neutral atmosphere experiences the opposite. Our scientific interpretation of these results is based on two major responsible effects: Venus’ high thermal inertia and the zonal winds. Their presence within Venus’ neutral atmosphere determine why in these regions a latitude dependence is predominant on the day/night condition. On the contrary, at higher altitudes the two aforementioned effects are less important or null, and Venus’ ionosphere shows higher electron density peaks in the probed day-time occultations, regardless of the latitude.

Analysis of NASA's DSN Venus Express radio occultation data for year 2014 / Gramigna E.; Parisi M.; Buccino D.; Gomez Casajus L.; Zannoni M.; Bourgoin A.; Tortora P.; Oudrhiri K.. - In: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0273-1177. - ELETTRONICO. - 71:1(2022), pp. 1198-1215. [10.1016/j.asr.2022.10.070]

Analysis of NASA's DSN Venus Express radio occultation data for year 2014

Gramigna E.
;
Gomez Casajus L.;Zannoni M.;Bourgoin A.;Tortora P.;
2022

Abstract

The Venus Express Radio Science Experiment (VeRa) was part of the scientific payload of the Venus Express (VEX) spacecraft and was targeted at the investigation of Venus’ atmosphere, surface, and gravity field as well as the interplanetary medium. This paper describes the methods and the required calibrations applied to VEX-VeRa raw radio occultation data used to retrieve vertical profiles of Venus’ ionosphere and neutral atmosphere. In this work we perform an independent analysis of a set of 25 VEX, single-frequency (X-band), occultations carried out in 2014, recorded in open-loop at the NASA Deep Space Network. Our temperature, pressure and electron density vertical profiles are in agreement with previous studies available in the literature. Furthermore, our analysis shows that Venus’ ionosphere is more influenced by the day/night condition than the latitude variations, while the neutral atmosphere experiences the opposite. Our scientific interpretation of these results is based on two major responsible effects: Venus’ high thermal inertia and the zonal winds. Their presence within Venus’ neutral atmosphere determine why in these regions a latitude dependence is predominant on the day/night condition. On the contrary, at higher altitudes the two aforementioned effects are less important or null, and Venus’ ionosphere shows higher electron density peaks in the probed day-time occultations, regardless of the latitude.
2022
Analysis of NASA's DSN Venus Express radio occultation data for year 2014 / Gramigna E.; Parisi M.; Buccino D.; Gomez Casajus L.; Zannoni M.; Bourgoin A.; Tortora P.; Oudrhiri K.. - In: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0273-1177. - ELETTRONICO. - 71:1(2022), pp. 1198-1215. [10.1016/j.asr.2022.10.070]
Gramigna E.; Parisi M.; Buccino D.; Gomez Casajus L.; Zannoni M.; Bourgoin A.; Tortora P.; Oudrhiri K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/910201
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