Seminal plasma (SP), a fluid composed mainly by secretions from accessory sex glands, contains a heterogenous population of extracellular vesicles (EVs), involved in several reproductive physiological processes. Seminal plasma has been found to modulate ovary function, in terms of hormone secretion and immune regulation. This study evaluated the potential effect of SP-EV-subsets on the modulation of cumulus-oocyte-complex (COCs) physiology during in vitro maturation (IVM). Two SP-EV-subsets, small-EVs (S-EVs) and large-EVs (L-EVs), were isolated from pig SP by size-exclusion-chromatography. Next, COCs were IVM in the absence (control) or presence of each SP-EV-subset to evaluate their uptake by COCs (PKH67-EVs labelling) and their effect on oocyte and cumulus cells (CCs) (gene expression, and progesterone and estradiol-17 beta levels). S-EVs and L-EVs were able to bind CCs but not oocytes. Supplementation with L-EVs induced changes (P <= 0.05) in the transcript levels of oocyte maturation- (HAS2) and steroidogenesis-related genes (CYP11A1 and HSD3B1) in CCs. No effect on nuclear oocyte maturation and progesterone and estradiol-17 beta levels was observed when COCs were IVM with any of the two SP-EV-subsets. In conclusion, while SP-EV-subsets can be integrated by CCs during IVM, they do not affect oocyte maturation and only L-EVs are able to modulate CCs function, mainly modifying the expression of steroidogenesis-related genes.

Seminal extracellular vesicles subsets modulate gene expression in cumulus cells of porcine in vitro matured oocytes

Bucci, Diego;Galeati, Giovanna;Spinaci, Marcella;Barranco, Isabel
2022

Abstract

Seminal plasma (SP), a fluid composed mainly by secretions from accessory sex glands, contains a heterogenous population of extracellular vesicles (EVs), involved in several reproductive physiological processes. Seminal plasma has been found to modulate ovary function, in terms of hormone secretion and immune regulation. This study evaluated the potential effect of SP-EV-subsets on the modulation of cumulus-oocyte-complex (COCs) physiology during in vitro maturation (IVM). Two SP-EV-subsets, small-EVs (S-EVs) and large-EVs (L-EVs), were isolated from pig SP by size-exclusion-chromatography. Next, COCs were IVM in the absence (control) or presence of each SP-EV-subset to evaluate their uptake by COCs (PKH67-EVs labelling) and their effect on oocyte and cumulus cells (CCs) (gene expression, and progesterone and estradiol-17 beta levels). S-EVs and L-EVs were able to bind CCs but not oocytes. Supplementation with L-EVs induced changes (P <= 0.05) in the transcript levels of oocyte maturation- (HAS2) and steroidogenesis-related genes (CYP11A1 and HSD3B1) in CCs. No effect on nuclear oocyte maturation and progesterone and estradiol-17 beta levels was observed when COCs were IVM with any of the two SP-EV-subsets. In conclusion, while SP-EV-subsets can be integrated by CCs during IVM, they do not affect oocyte maturation and only L-EVs are able to modulate CCs function, mainly modifying the expression of steroidogenesis-related genes.
Mateo-Otero, Yentel; Yeste, Marc; Roca, Jordi; Llavanera, Marc; Bucci, Diego; Galeati, Giovanna; Spinaci, Marcella; Barranco, Isabel
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
41598_2022_Article_22004.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 3.85 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.85 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/909794
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact