The principles of nasal reconstruction include the need to reconstruct three tissue layers, the need to restore entire skin aesthetical units, and, possibly, the replacement with like tissues. Computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manu- facturing (CAM) technologies were applied to two total nasal reconstructions in male patients who underwent rhinectomy for cancer. Three-dimensional (3D) data were obtained from computerized tomography (CT) scan-derived DICOM files (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine), this allowed us to design the shape of the reconstructive nose in order to mimic the native nose and to plan dimensions and angles. A custom-made titanium plate was manufactured for the struc- ture and a bi-dimensional template for the forehead flap was printed. The patients underwent a total nasal reconstruction in three layers: local flaps for the lining, custom-made titanium plate for the structure, and expanded forehead flap for the skin. Forehead flap pedicle was divided 3 weeks postoperatively under local anesthesia in an outpatient clinic, as well as further minor refinements. The patients underwent a 6-month post-operative CT scan in order to compare the result to the planned nose. No complications were reported. The superimposition demonstrated a 92% match in case 1 and 95% match in case 2 between the reconstructed nose and the planned one. Forehead flap is still the most favorable option for nasal reconstruction, CAD technology allows to implement the planning and makes the procedure easier; moreover, the use of a CAM plate for the structure allows to reconstruct a nose with the desired naso-frontal angle.

Computer-aided design and manufacturing technology applied to total nasal reconstruction

Rossella Sgarzani
Primo
;
Manlio Gessaroli;Claudio Vicini;
2022

Abstract

The principles of nasal reconstruction include the need to reconstruct three tissue layers, the need to restore entire skin aesthetical units, and, possibly, the replacement with like tissues. Computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manu- facturing (CAM) technologies were applied to two total nasal reconstructions in male patients who underwent rhinectomy for cancer. Three-dimensional (3D) data were obtained from computerized tomography (CT) scan-derived DICOM files (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine), this allowed us to design the shape of the reconstructive nose in order to mimic the native nose and to plan dimensions and angles. A custom-made titanium plate was manufactured for the struc- ture and a bi-dimensional template for the forehead flap was printed. The patients underwent a total nasal reconstruction in three layers: local flaps for the lining, custom-made titanium plate for the structure, and expanded forehead flap for the skin. Forehead flap pedicle was divided 3 weeks postoperatively under local anesthesia in an outpatient clinic, as well as further minor refinements. The patients underwent a 6-month post-operative CT scan in order to compare the result to the planned nose. No complications were reported. The superimposition demonstrated a 92% match in case 1 and 95% match in case 2 between the reconstructed nose and the planned one. Forehead flap is still the most favorable option for nasal reconstruction, CAD technology allows to implement the planning and makes the procedure easier; moreover, the use of a CAM plate for the structure allows to reconstruct a nose with the desired naso-frontal angle.
Rossella Sgarzani, Giuseppe Meccariello, Giannicola Iannella, Manlio Gessaroli, Claudio Vicini, Davide Melandri, Andrea Morellini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/908200
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