Pascal famously argued that since God transcends the rational domain of demonstration, we must bet on his existence. Less famously, Leibniz claimed that in the absence of a full-fledged demonstration of God’s existence, we at least have to presume, that is to say, to assume, that he exists until the contrary is proved. Aside from marking a significant contrast between these two leading figures of modern philosophy (Leibniz would later reproach Pascal for having “paid attention only to moral arguments”), these two stances are at the origin of two independent developments: decision theory and presumptive reasoning, respectively. In this paper we will provide a critical account of Pascal’s and Leibniz’s lines of thought by first presenting the original arguments and then reconstructing them in light of the developments they gave rise to. Finally, we will advance some remarks about the interplay of presumption and probability in Leibniz’s approach to morality and law.

Betting and Presuming: From God’s Existence to Morality and Law / Artosi, Alberto; Sartor, Giovanni;. - In: PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRIES. - ISSN 2281-8618. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:2(2022), pp. 219-238. [10.4454/philinq.v10i2.429]

Betting and Presuming: From God’s Existence to Morality and Law

Artosi, Alberto;Sartor, Giovanni
2022

Abstract

Pascal famously argued that since God transcends the rational domain of demonstration, we must bet on his existence. Less famously, Leibniz claimed that in the absence of a full-fledged demonstration of God’s existence, we at least have to presume, that is to say, to assume, that he exists until the contrary is proved. Aside from marking a significant contrast between these two leading figures of modern philosophy (Leibniz would later reproach Pascal for having “paid attention only to moral arguments”), these two stances are at the origin of two independent developments: decision theory and presumptive reasoning, respectively. In this paper we will provide a critical account of Pascal’s and Leibniz’s lines of thought by first presenting the original arguments and then reconstructing them in light of the developments they gave rise to. Finally, we will advance some remarks about the interplay of presumption and probability in Leibniz’s approach to morality and law.
2022
Betting and Presuming: From God’s Existence to Morality and Law / Artosi, Alberto; Sartor, Giovanni;. - In: PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRIES. - ISSN 2281-8618. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:2(2022), pp. 219-238. [10.4454/philinq.v10i2.429]
Artosi, Alberto; Sartor, Giovanni;
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ArtosiSartor2022Betting and Presuming1.pdf

embargo fino al 01/01/2028

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Condividi allo stesso modo (CCBYSA)
Dimensione 138.46 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
138.46 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Contatta l'autore
Betting and Presuming: From God’s Existence to Morality and Law.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Postprint
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Condividi allo stesso modo (CCBYSA)
Dimensione 298.3 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
298.3 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/907841
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact