Migration may cause, not only a brain drain, but also a ‘civicness’ drain, leading to a poverty trap. Using migration choices of southern Italian high-school students classified as civic if not cheating in a modified die-roll experiment, we uncover a key role of local civicness (average civicness in the class): a civicness drain is observed only at high and low local civicness. We rationalise this pattern with a model in which civic and uncivic types balance hope versus fear of migration outcomes, taking into account economic gains, risk preferences and their beliefs about being considered civic in the place of destination.

Civicness drain

Marco Casari
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Andrea Ichino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ginevra Marandola
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022

Abstract

Migration may cause, not only a brain drain, but also a ‘civicness’ drain, leading to a poverty trap. Using migration choices of southern Italian high-school students classified as civic if not cheating in a modified die-roll experiment, we uncover a key role of local civicness (average civicness in the class): a civicness drain is observed only at high and low local civicness. We rationalise this pattern with a model in which civic and uncivic types balance hope versus fear of migration outcomes, taking into account economic gains, risk preferences and their beliefs about being considered civic in the place of destination.
Moti Michaeli, Marco Casari, Andrea Ichino, Maria De Paola, Ginevra Marandola, Vincenzo Scoppa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/907685
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