Plant-associated bacteria, including pathogens, recognise host-derived signals to activate specific responses. The genome of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), the aetiological agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit, encodes for three putative LuxR-like receptors. Proteins of this family are usually involved in the quorum sensing system, through the perception of autoinducers (AHLs) produced by a cognate LuxI. However, Psa does not produce AHLs according to the lack of LuxI-encoding gene. It has been proposed that the so-called LuxR solos may be involved in the perception of environmental stimuli. We thus hypothesised that Psa LuxR-like receptors could be involved in host-derived signal sensing.Psa virulence traits, i.e., biofilm formation, motility and endophytic colonisation, were stimulated by growing the pathogen in host plant extracts, but not in non-host plant extracts or rich medium. Moreover, the phenotypic analyses of Psa mutant strains lacking the LuxR solo-encoding genes, demonstrated that PsaR2 plays a major role in host recognition and induction of virulence responses. The heterologous expression of PsaR2, followed by affinity chromatography and fraction activity assessment, confirmed the specific recognition of plant-derived components by this sensor. Overall, these data provide a deeper understanding of the regulation of Psa virulence through interkingdom communication, which represents a interesting target for the development of tolerant/resistant genotypes or innovative control strategies.

Host-specific signal perception by PsaR2 LuxR solo induces Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae virulence traits

Cellini, Antonio;Buriani, Giampaolo;Fiorentini, Luca;Spinelli, Francesco
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Plant-associated bacteria, including pathogens, recognise host-derived signals to activate specific responses. The genome of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), the aetiological agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit, encodes for three putative LuxR-like receptors. Proteins of this family are usually involved in the quorum sensing system, through the perception of autoinducers (AHLs) produced by a cognate LuxI. However, Psa does not produce AHLs according to the lack of LuxI-encoding gene. It has been proposed that the so-called LuxR solos may be involved in the perception of environmental stimuli. We thus hypothesised that Psa LuxR-like receptors could be involved in host-derived signal sensing.Psa virulence traits, i.e., biofilm formation, motility and endophytic colonisation, were stimulated by growing the pathogen in host plant extracts, but not in non-host plant extracts or rich medium. Moreover, the phenotypic analyses of Psa mutant strains lacking the LuxR solo-encoding genes, demonstrated that PsaR2 plays a major role in host recognition and induction of virulence responses. The heterologous expression of PsaR2, followed by affinity chromatography and fraction activity assessment, confirmed the specific recognition of plant-derived components by this sensor. Overall, these data provide a deeper understanding of the regulation of Psa virulence through interkingdom communication, which represents a interesting target for the development of tolerant/resistant genotypes or innovative control strategies.
Cellini, Antonio; Buriani, Giampaolo; Correia, Cristiana; Fiorentini, Luca; Vandelle, Elodie; Polverari, Annalisa; Santos, Conceição; Vanneste, Joel L; Spinelli, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/907506
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