We analyze the stellar ages obtained from a combination of Lick indices in Borghi et al. for 140 massive and passive galaxies selected in the LEGA-C survey at 0.6 < z < 0.9. From their median age-redshift relation, we derive a new direct measurement of H(z) without any cosmological model assumption using the cosmic chronometer approach. We thoroughly study the main systematics involved in this analysis: the choice of the Lick indices combination, the binning method, the assumed stellar population model, and the adopted star formation history; these effects are included in the total error budget. We obtain H(z = 0.75) = 98.8 +/- 33.6 km s(-1) Mpc(-1). In parallel, we also propose a simple framework based on a cosmological model to describe the age-redshift relations in the context of galaxy downsizing. This allows us to derive constraints on the Hubble constant H (0) and the typical galaxy formation time. This new H(z) measurement, whose accuracy is currently limited by the scarcity of the sample analyzed, paves the road for the joint study of the stellar populations of individual passive galaxies and the expansion history of the universe in light of future spectroscopic surveys.

Toward a Better Understanding of Cosmic Chronometers: A new measurement of H(z) at z~0.7 / Nicola Borghi; Michele Moresco; Andrea Cimatti. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS. - ISSN 2041-8205. - ELETTRONICO. - 928:1(2022), pp. L4.1-L4.9. [10.3847/2041-8213/ac3fb2]

Toward a Better Understanding of Cosmic Chronometers: A new measurement of H(z) at z~0.7

Nicola Borghi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Michele Moresco
Supervision
;
Andrea Cimatti
Supervision
2022

Abstract

We analyze the stellar ages obtained from a combination of Lick indices in Borghi et al. for 140 massive and passive galaxies selected in the LEGA-C survey at 0.6 < z < 0.9. From their median age-redshift relation, we derive a new direct measurement of H(z) without any cosmological model assumption using the cosmic chronometer approach. We thoroughly study the main systematics involved in this analysis: the choice of the Lick indices combination, the binning method, the assumed stellar population model, and the adopted star formation history; these effects are included in the total error budget. We obtain H(z = 0.75) = 98.8 +/- 33.6 km s(-1) Mpc(-1). In parallel, we also propose a simple framework based on a cosmological model to describe the age-redshift relations in the context of galaxy downsizing. This allows us to derive constraints on the Hubble constant H (0) and the typical galaxy formation time. This new H(z) measurement, whose accuracy is currently limited by the scarcity of the sample analyzed, paves the road for the joint study of the stellar populations of individual passive galaxies and the expansion history of the universe in light of future spectroscopic surveys.
2022
Toward a Better Understanding of Cosmic Chronometers: A new measurement of H(z) at z~0.7 / Nicola Borghi; Michele Moresco; Andrea Cimatti. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS. - ISSN 2041-8205. - ELETTRONICO. - 928:1(2022), pp. L4.1-L4.9. [10.3847/2041-8213/ac3fb2]
Nicola Borghi; Michele Moresco; Andrea Cimatti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/906184
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