A critical point in dentistry is the empiric prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics that could increase the levels of antimicrobial resistance. Alveolar osteitis is one of the most common post-op- erative complications in which antibiotic use is controversial. A 35-year-old female, with pain in the right mandibular region and treated with cefixime, was diagnosed with cracked tooth syndrome and pulpitis. The tooth was extracted and a massive purulent bleeding drainage was observed. Irrigation of the socket and a new therapy with azithromycin were done. Bacteriological analysis, a specific mecA gene PCR for the methicillin resistance, and the antimicrobial susceptibility test were per- formed on the bacterial isolate. A Staphylococcus epidermidis isolate was methicillin-resistant and showed resistance to erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and sulfamethoxazole + trimeth- oprim. After 7 days, intraoral examination showed a complete resolution. The aim of this report is to suggest that systemic antibiotics may provide insufficient efficacy during alveolar osteitis, especially when caused by a multidrug-resistant organism.

Alveolar osteitis associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis

Zamparini, Fausto;Prati, Carlo
2022

Abstract

A critical point in dentistry is the empiric prescription of broad-spectrum antibiotics that could increase the levels of antimicrobial resistance. Alveolar osteitis is one of the most common post-op- erative complications in which antibiotic use is controversial. A 35-year-old female, with pain in the right mandibular region and treated with cefixime, was diagnosed with cracked tooth syndrome and pulpitis. The tooth was extracted and a massive purulent bleeding drainage was observed. Irrigation of the socket and a new therapy with azithromycin were done. Bacteriological analysis, a specific mecA gene PCR for the methicillin resistance, and the antimicrobial susceptibility test were per- formed on the bacterial isolate. A Staphylococcus epidermidis isolate was methicillin-resistant and showed resistance to erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and sulfamethoxazole + trimeth- oprim. After 7 days, intraoral examination showed a complete resolution. The aim of this report is to suggest that systemic antibiotics may provide insufficient efficacy during alveolar osteitis, especially when caused by a multidrug-resistant organism.
Buonavoglia, Alessio; Trotta, Adriana; Cordisco, Marco; Zamparini, Fausto; Corrente, Marialaura; Prati, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/906153
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