The photophysical properties and solar cell performance of the classical donor–acceptor copolymer PCDTBT (poly(N-9′-heptadecanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt -5,5-(4′,7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole))) in relation to unintentionally formed main chain defects are investigated. Carbazole–carbazole homocou- plings (Cbz hc) are found to signi cant extent in PCDTBT made with a variety of Suzuki polycondensation conditions. Cbz hc vary between 0 and 8 mol% depending on the synthetic protocol used, and are quanti ed by detailed nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy including model compounds, which allows to establish a calibration curve from optical spectroscopy. The results are corroborated by extended time-dependent density functional theory investigations on the structural, electronic, and optical properties of regularly alternating and homocoupled chains. The photovoltaic properties of PCDTBT:fullerene blend solar cells signi cantly depend on the Cbz hc content for constant molecular weight, whereby an increasing amount of Cbz hc leads to strongly decreased short circuit currents JSC. With increasing Cbz hc content, JSC decreases more strongly than the intensity of the low energy absorption band, suggesting that small losses in absorption cannot explain the decrease in JSC alone, rather than combined effects of a more localized LUMO level on the TBT unit and lower hole mobilities found in highly defective samples. Homo- coupling-free PCDTBT with optimized molecular weight yields the highest ef ciency up to 7.2% without extensive optimisation.

Florian Lombeck, Hartmut Komber, FAZZI D, Diego Nava, Jochen Kuhlmann, Dominik Stegerer, et al. (2016). On the Effect of Prevalent Carbazole Homocoupling Defects on the Photovoltaic Performance of PCDTBT:PC71BM Solar Cells. ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, 6, 1601232-1601240 [10.1002/aenm.201601232].

On the Effect of Prevalent Carbazole Homocoupling Defects on the Photovoltaic Performance of PCDTBT:PC71BM Solar Cells

FAZZI D;
2016

Abstract

The photophysical properties and solar cell performance of the classical donor–acceptor copolymer PCDTBT (poly(N-9′-heptadecanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt -5,5-(4′,7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole))) in relation to unintentionally formed main chain defects are investigated. Carbazole–carbazole homocou- plings (Cbz hc) are found to signi cant extent in PCDTBT made with a variety of Suzuki polycondensation conditions. Cbz hc vary between 0 and 8 mol% depending on the synthetic protocol used, and are quanti ed by detailed nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy including model compounds, which allows to establish a calibration curve from optical spectroscopy. The results are corroborated by extended time-dependent density functional theory investigations on the structural, electronic, and optical properties of regularly alternating and homocoupled chains. The photovoltaic properties of PCDTBT:fullerene blend solar cells signi cantly depend on the Cbz hc content for constant molecular weight, whereby an increasing amount of Cbz hc leads to strongly decreased short circuit currents JSC. With increasing Cbz hc content, JSC decreases more strongly than the intensity of the low energy absorption band, suggesting that small losses in absorption cannot explain the decrease in JSC alone, rather than combined effects of a more localized LUMO level on the TBT unit and lower hole mobilities found in highly defective samples. Homo- coupling-free PCDTBT with optimized molecular weight yields the highest ef ciency up to 7.2% without extensive optimisation.
2016
Florian Lombeck, Hartmut Komber, FAZZI D, Diego Nava, Jochen Kuhlmann, Dominik Stegerer, et al. (2016). On the Effect of Prevalent Carbazole Homocoupling Defects on the Photovoltaic Performance of PCDTBT:PC71BM Solar Cells. ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, 6, 1601232-1601240 [10.1002/aenm.201601232].
Florian Lombeck; Hartmut Komber; FAZZI D; Diego Nava; Jochen Kuhlmann; Dominik Stegerer; Karen Strassel; Josef Brandt; Amaia Diaz de Zerio Mendaza; Ch...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/906129
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