Background: High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a rare and aggressive variant of bladder cancer. Considering its rarity, its therapeutic management is challenging and not standardized. Methods: We analyzed data extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry to evaluate prognostic factors for high-grade NEC of the bladder. Results: We extracted data on 1134 patients: 77.6% were small cell NEC, 14.6% were NEC, 5.5% were mixed neuro-endocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasia, and 2.3% were large cell NEC. The stage at diagnosis was localized for 45% of patients, lymph nodal disease (N+M0) for 9.2% of patients, and metastatic disease for 26.1% of patients. The median overall survival (OS) was 12 months. Multivariate analysis detected that factors associated with worse OS were age being >72 years old (HR 1.94), lymph nodal involvement (HR 2.01), metastatic disease (HR 2.04), and the size of the primary tumor being >44.5 mm (HR 1.80). In the N0M0 populations, the size of the primary tumor being <44.5 mm, age being <72 years old, and major surgery were independently associated with a lower risk of death. In the N+M0 group, the size of the primary lesion was the only factor to retain an association with OS. Conclusions: Our SEER database analysis evidenced prognostic factors for high-grade NEC of the bladder that are of pivotal relevance to guide treatment and the decision-making process.

Prognostic Factors of Survival for High-Grade Neuroendocrine Neoplasia of the Bladder: A SEER Database Analysis

Mollica V.
Primo
;
Massari F.
Secondo
;
Andrini E.;Rosellini M.;Marchetti A.;Nuvola G.;Tassinari E.;Lamberti G.;Campana D.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a rare and aggressive variant of bladder cancer. Considering its rarity, its therapeutic management is challenging and not standardized. Methods: We analyzed data extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry to evaluate prognostic factors for high-grade NEC of the bladder. Results: We extracted data on 1134 patients: 77.6% were small cell NEC, 14.6% were NEC, 5.5% were mixed neuro-endocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasia, and 2.3% were large cell NEC. The stage at diagnosis was localized for 45% of patients, lymph nodal disease (N+M0) for 9.2% of patients, and metastatic disease for 26.1% of patients. The median overall survival (OS) was 12 months. Multivariate analysis detected that factors associated with worse OS were age being >72 years old (HR 1.94), lymph nodal involvement (HR 2.01), metastatic disease (HR 2.04), and the size of the primary tumor being >44.5 mm (HR 1.80). In the N0M0 populations, the size of the primary tumor being <44.5 mm, age being <72 years old, and major surgery were independently associated with a lower risk of death. In the N+M0 group, the size of the primary lesion was the only factor to retain an association with OS. Conclusions: Our SEER database analysis evidenced prognostic factors for high-grade NEC of the bladder that are of pivotal relevance to guide treatment and the decision-making process.
Mollica V.; Massari F.; Andrini E.; Rosellini M.; Marchetti A.; Nuvola G.; Tassinari E.; Lamberti G.; Campana D.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/904606
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact