Aim The species-area relationship (SAR) is one of the most distinctive biogeographic patterns, but global comparisons of the SARs between island and mainland are lacking for microbial taxa. Here, we explore whether the form of the SAR and the drivers of species richness, including area, environmental heterogeneity, climate and physico-chemistry, differ between islands and similarly sized areas on mainland, referred to as continental area equivalents (CAEs). Location Global. Taxon Stream benthic diatoms. Methods We generated CAEs on six continental datasets and examined the SARs of CAEs and islands (ISAR). Then, we compared CAEs and islands in terms of total richness and richness of different ecological guilds. We tested the factors contributing to richness in islands and CAEs with regressions. We used structural equation models to determine the effects of area versus environmental heterogeneity, climate and local conditions on species richness. Results We found a non-significant ISAR, but a significant positive SAR in CAEs. Richness in islands was related to productivity. Richness in CAEs was mainly dependent on area and climate, but not directly on environmental heterogeneity. Species richness within guilds exhibited inconsistent relationships with island isolation and area. Main conclusions Ecological and evolutionary processes shaping diatom island biogeography do not depend on area at the worldwide scale probably due to the presence of distinct species pool across islands. Conversely, area was an important driver of diatom richness in continents, and this effect could be attributed to dispersal. Continents had greater richness than islands, but this was a consequence of differences in environmental conditions such as specific island climatic conditions. We stress the need for more island data on benthic diatoms, particularly from archipelagos, to better understand the biogeography of this most speciose group of algae.

Stream diatom biodiversity in islands and continents—A global perspective on effects of area, isolation and environment

Borrini A.;Cantonati M.;
2022

Abstract

Aim The species-area relationship (SAR) is one of the most distinctive biogeographic patterns, but global comparisons of the SARs between island and mainland are lacking for microbial taxa. Here, we explore whether the form of the SAR and the drivers of species richness, including area, environmental heterogeneity, climate and physico-chemistry, differ between islands and similarly sized areas on mainland, referred to as continental area equivalents (CAEs). Location Global. Taxon Stream benthic diatoms. Methods We generated CAEs on six continental datasets and examined the SARs of CAEs and islands (ISAR). Then, we compared CAEs and islands in terms of total richness and richness of different ecological guilds. We tested the factors contributing to richness in islands and CAEs with regressions. We used structural equation models to determine the effects of area versus environmental heterogeneity, climate and local conditions on species richness. Results We found a non-significant ISAR, but a significant positive SAR in CAEs. Richness in islands was related to productivity. Richness in CAEs was mainly dependent on area and climate, but not directly on environmental heterogeneity. Species richness within guilds exhibited inconsistent relationships with island isolation and area. Main conclusions Ecological and evolutionary processes shaping diatom island biogeography do not depend on area at the worldwide scale probably due to the presence of distinct species pool across islands. Conversely, area was an important driver of diatom richness in continents, and this effect could be attributed to dispersal. Continents had greater richness than islands, but this was a consequence of differences in environmental conditions such as specific island climatic conditions. We stress the need for more island data on benthic diatoms, particularly from archipelagos, to better understand the biogeography of this most speciose group of algae.
2022
Jamoneau A.; Soininen J.; Tison-Rosebery J.; Boutry S.; Budnick W.R.; He S.; Marquie J.; Jyrkankallio-Mikkola J.; Pajunen V.; Teittinen A.; Tupola V.; Wang B.; Wang J.; Blanco S.; Borrini A.; Cantonati M.; Valente A.C.; Delgado C.; Dorflinger G.; Goncalves V.; Kennedy B.; Marques H.; Papatheodoulou A.; Raposeiro P.M.; Ritter C.; Serafim A.; Van de Vijver B.; Passy S.I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/904161
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