This paper presents an experimental analysis conducted on a low-temperature micro-ORC energy system, to assess its performance operating with partial evaporation (PE-ORC). Temperatures of the heat source in the range between 40 °C and 75 °C have been tested, and for each value, the vapour quality at the expander inlet has been varied by regulating the feed-pump rotating speed. The thermodynamic state of the working fluid in two-phase conditions has been estimated by means of a thermal balance at the heat exchangers, using the measured values of temperature, pressure and flow rate. Detailed experimental results are provided, with special focus on the performance of evaporator, expander and feed-pump, highlighting the difference in their behaviour compared with the regular operation with dry expansion of the same micro-ORC system. Relevant improvements have been observed in the evaporator effectiveness, mainly due to the reduction of the pinch point temperature difference. Also, the volumetric and total efficiencies of the feed-pump are improved substantially. On the other hand, the net power output and the expander efficiency resulted penalized by the operation with partial evaporation. The maximum power output obtained was close to 1.2 kW, with heat source temperature equal to 75 °C and fluid quality close to 1. The power output is reduced, at constant temperature, by decreasing the vapour quality at the expander inlet. The results suggest that operating a small-scale ORC system with partial evaporation may lead to some improvements to the performance of the cycle, especially regarding the evaporator performance. Moreover, with values of fluid quality at the expander inlet between 0.8 and 1, the penalization on the expander performance, compared to the dry expansion mode, is limited. However, a proper redesign of the power plant for the specific purpose is required in order to make partial evaporation an effective solution. Specifically, the expander and pump geometry and control require to be optimized for the particular working conditions, the recuperator must be removed, and the evaporator should be designed for the optimal exploitation of the heat source.

Experimental investigation on micro-ORC system operating with partial evaporation and two–phase expansion

Ottaviano, Saverio;Poletto, Chiara;Ancona, Maria Alessandra;Melino, Francesco
2022

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental analysis conducted on a low-temperature micro-ORC energy system, to assess its performance operating with partial evaporation (PE-ORC). Temperatures of the heat source in the range between 40 °C and 75 °C have been tested, and for each value, the vapour quality at the expander inlet has been varied by regulating the feed-pump rotating speed. The thermodynamic state of the working fluid in two-phase conditions has been estimated by means of a thermal balance at the heat exchangers, using the measured values of temperature, pressure and flow rate. Detailed experimental results are provided, with special focus on the performance of evaporator, expander and feed-pump, highlighting the difference in their behaviour compared with the regular operation with dry expansion of the same micro-ORC system. Relevant improvements have been observed in the evaporator effectiveness, mainly due to the reduction of the pinch point temperature difference. Also, the volumetric and total efficiencies of the feed-pump are improved substantially. On the other hand, the net power output and the expander efficiency resulted penalized by the operation with partial evaporation. The maximum power output obtained was close to 1.2 kW, with heat source temperature equal to 75 °C and fluid quality close to 1. The power output is reduced, at constant temperature, by decreasing the vapour quality at the expander inlet. The results suggest that operating a small-scale ORC system with partial evaporation may lead to some improvements to the performance of the cycle, especially regarding the evaporator performance. Moreover, with values of fluid quality at the expander inlet between 0.8 and 1, the penalization on the expander performance, compared to the dry expansion mode, is limited. However, a proper redesign of the power plant for the specific purpose is required in order to make partial evaporation an effective solution. Specifically, the expander and pump geometry and control require to be optimized for the particular working conditions, the recuperator must be removed, and the evaporator should be designed for the optimal exploitation of the heat source.
Ottaviano, Saverio; Poletto, Chiara; Ancona, Maria Alessandra; Melino, Francesco
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/903915
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact