This paper considers an industrial machine, where wireless sensor nodes (denoted as tags or nodes) support control applications. This scenario poses very challenging communication requirements: hundreds of tags per cubic meter can provide an overall offered throughput of tens of Gbit/s; at the same time, control applications require a latency of less than 0.1 ms. To fulfill them, this work proposes an Orthogonal Chirp Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) scheme to be used in the TeraHertz (THz) frequency band. With THz communications, even at short distances, propagation delays can be of the same order of magnitude as the packet transmission time. This requires proper consideration of such delays in the protocol design and performance evaluation. This paper mathematically derives network throughput and latency of the proposed protocol, comparing it to benchmarks; two scenarios are considered, where tags are in fixed positions or move. Results show that OCDMA outperforms the two benchmark protocols, Aloha and Polling, for static and crowded networks, and the performance is compatible with the communication requirements of industrial control applications.

OCDMA: a MAC Protocol for Industrial Intra-machine TeraHertz Network

Buratti C.;Cuozzo G.;Verdone R.
2022

Abstract

This paper considers an industrial machine, where wireless sensor nodes (denoted as tags or nodes) support control applications. This scenario poses very challenging communication requirements: hundreds of tags per cubic meter can provide an overall offered throughput of tens of Gbit/s; at the same time, control applications require a latency of less than 0.1 ms. To fulfill them, this work proposes an Orthogonal Chirp Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) scheme to be used in the TeraHertz (THz) frequency band. With THz communications, even at short distances, propagation delays can be of the same order of magnitude as the packet transmission time. This requires proper consideration of such delays in the protocol design and performance evaluation. This paper mathematically derives network throughput and latency of the proposed protocol, comparing it to benchmarks; two scenarios are considered, where tags are in fixed positions or move. Results show that OCDMA outperforms the two benchmark protocols, Aloha and Polling, for static and crowded networks, and the performance is compatible with the communication requirements of industrial control applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/903474
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