Microalgae are well-known for their content of bioactive molecules such as pigments, proteins, fatty acids, polysaccharides, vitamins and antioxidants, all of which are of great interest in the preparation of a wide range of products such as food, cosmetics and nutraceuticals. The purpose of this project was the analytical characterization of commercial dry microalgal biomass: four samples of Chlorella and five of Spirulina were analysed in order to highlight their content in terms of micro/macro nutrients. The research was oriented towards the development and validation of accurate, fast and reproducible methods for the nutritional assessment of algal biomasses, aiming to provide a guiding methodology. The lipid profiles of algal matrixes were analysed for the content of saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The process was divided into two phases: firstly, the extraction and determination of the total lipids and pigment content; secondly, the trans-esterification of the extracted lipid-pigment portion in order to analyse fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with a GC-MS method. A fingerprinting of MUFAs and PUFAs was obtained regarding microalgae species. The determination of total carotenoids and chlorophylls content in the lipid extracts was evaluated through a fast UV-Vis spectrophotometric analysis, which was validated by a new HPLC-DAD analysis. Furthermore, the total antioxidant activity of each lipid extract was determined along with the determination of the microalgae protein content. Then, with the aid of the principal component analysis (PCA) plots, the two microalgae were clustered in terms of their micro/macro nutrients, for differentiating their properties. Spirulina, resulting to have a greater antioxidant activity, supposedly due to a higher content in pigments and higher protein concentration, could be suggested for an appropriate diet for sporting people. Chlorella, instead, showed a more balanced profile of PUFAs and MUFAs and its use could be suggested for cosmetics and vegan diets. This paper puts forward an overall analytical approach, sustained by a multivariate analysis, for emphasising content differences and activity of two different microalgae strains, in order to underline specific claims for each class, addressed to defined final users.

Integrated analytical approaches for the characterization of Spirulina and Chlorella microalgae

Davani L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Terenzi C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tumiatti V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Andrisano V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Montanari S.
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Microalgae are well-known for their content of bioactive molecules such as pigments, proteins, fatty acids, polysaccharides, vitamins and antioxidants, all of which are of great interest in the preparation of a wide range of products such as food, cosmetics and nutraceuticals. The purpose of this project was the analytical characterization of commercial dry microalgal biomass: four samples of Chlorella and five of Spirulina were analysed in order to highlight their content in terms of micro/macro nutrients. The research was oriented towards the development and validation of accurate, fast and reproducible methods for the nutritional assessment of algal biomasses, aiming to provide a guiding methodology. The lipid profiles of algal matrixes were analysed for the content of saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The process was divided into two phases: firstly, the extraction and determination of the total lipids and pigment content; secondly, the trans-esterification of the extracted lipid-pigment portion in order to analyse fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with a GC-MS method. A fingerprinting of MUFAs and PUFAs was obtained regarding microalgae species. The determination of total carotenoids and chlorophylls content in the lipid extracts was evaluated through a fast UV-Vis spectrophotometric analysis, which was validated by a new HPLC-DAD analysis. Furthermore, the total antioxidant activity of each lipid extract was determined along with the determination of the microalgae protein content. Then, with the aid of the principal component analysis (PCA) plots, the two microalgae were clustered in terms of their micro/macro nutrients, for differentiating their properties. Spirulina, resulting to have a greater antioxidant activity, supposedly due to a higher content in pigments and higher protein concentration, could be suggested for an appropriate diet for sporting people. Chlorella, instead, showed a more balanced profile of PUFAs and MUFAs and its use could be suggested for cosmetics and vegan diets. This paper puts forward an overall analytical approach, sustained by a multivariate analysis, for emphasising content differences and activity of two different microalgae strains, in order to underline specific claims for each class, addressed to defined final users.
Davani L.; Terenzi C.; Tumiatti V.; De Simone A.; Andrisano V.; Montanari S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/902905
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