Background: Anti-IgLON5 disease is a rare late-onset neurological disease associated with autoantibodies against IgLON5, neuronal accumulation of phosphorylated Tau protein (p-Tau), and sleep, respiratory, and motor alterations. Purpose: We performed a pilot study of whether the neuropathological and clinical features of anti-IgLON5 disease may be recapitulated in mice with chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of human anti-IgLON5 disease IgG (Pt-IgG). Methods: Humanized transgenic hTau mice expressing human Tau protein and wild-type (WT) control mice were infused intracerebroventricularly with Pt-IgG or with antibodies from a control subject for 14 days. The sleep, respiratory, and motor phenotype was evaluated at the end of the antibody infusion and at least 30 days thereafter, followed by immunohistochemical assessment of p-Tau deposition. Results: In female hTau and WT mice infused with Pt-IgG, we found reproducible trends of diffuse neuronal cytoplasmic p-Tau deposits in the brainstem and hippocampus, increased ventilatory period during sleep, and decreased inter-lick interval during wakefulness. These findings were not replicated on male hTau mice. Conclusion: The results of our pilot study suggest, but do not prove, that chronic ICV infusion of mice with Pt-IgG may elicit neuropathological, respiratory, and motor alterations. These results should be considered as preliminary until replicated in larger studies taking account of potential sex differences in mice.

Pilot Study of the Effects of Chronic Intracerebroventricular Infusion of Human Anti-IgLON5 Disease Antibodies in Mice

Alvente, Sara
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Matteoli, Gabriele
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Bastianini, Stefano
Investigation
;
Berteotti, Chiara
Investigation
;
Lo Martire, Viviana
Investigation
;
Zoccoli, Giovanna
Penultimo
Conceptualization
;
Silvani, Alessandro
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Background: Anti-IgLON5 disease is a rare late-onset neurological disease associated with autoantibodies against IgLON5, neuronal accumulation of phosphorylated Tau protein (p-Tau), and sleep, respiratory, and motor alterations. Purpose: We performed a pilot study of whether the neuropathological and clinical features of anti-IgLON5 disease may be recapitulated in mice with chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of human anti-IgLON5 disease IgG (Pt-IgG). Methods: Humanized transgenic hTau mice expressing human Tau protein and wild-type (WT) control mice were infused intracerebroventricularly with Pt-IgG or with antibodies from a control subject for 14 days. The sleep, respiratory, and motor phenotype was evaluated at the end of the antibody infusion and at least 30 days thereafter, followed by immunohistochemical assessment of p-Tau deposition. Results: In female hTau and WT mice infused with Pt-IgG, we found reproducible trends of diffuse neuronal cytoplasmic p-Tau deposits in the brainstem and hippocampus, increased ventilatory period during sleep, and decreased inter-lick interval during wakefulness. These findings were not replicated on male hTau mice. Conclusion: The results of our pilot study suggest, but do not prove, that chronic ICV infusion of mice with Pt-IgG may elicit neuropathological, respiratory, and motor alterations. These results should be considered as preliminary until replicated in larger studies taking account of potential sex differences in mice.
Alvente, Sara; Matteoli, Gabriele; Molina-Porcel, Laura; Landa, Jon; Alba, Mercedes; Bastianini, Stefano; Berteotti, Chiara; Graus, Francesc; Lo Martire, Viviana; Sabater, Lidia; Zoccoli, Giovanna; Silvani, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/902829
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