Sydenham's chorea (SC) is a post-streptococcal autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system, and it is a major criterium for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). SC typically improves in 12-15 weeks, but patients can be affected for years by persistence and recurrencies of both neurological and neuropsychiatric symptoms. We enrolled 48 patients with a previous diagnosis of ARF, with or without SC, in a national multicenter prospective study, to evaluate the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms several years after SC's onset. Our population was divided in a SC group (n = 21), consisting of patients who had SC, and a nSC group (n = 27), consisting of patients who had ARF without SC. Both groups were evaluated by the administration of 8 different neuropsychiatric tests. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) showed significantly (p = 0.021) higher alterations in the SC group than in the nSC group. Furthermore, 60.4% (n = 29) of the overall population experienced neuropsychiatric symptoms other than choreic movements at diagnosis and this finding was significantly more common (p = 0.00) in SC patients (95.2%) than in nSC patients (33.3%). The other neuropsychiatric tests also produced significant results, indicating that SC can exert a strong psychopathological impact on patients even years after its onset.

Orsini, A., Foiadelli, T., Sica, A., Santangelo, A., Carli, N., Bonuccelli, A., et al. (2022). Psychopathological Impact in Patients with History of Rheumatic Fever with or without Sydenham's Chorea: A Multicenter Prospective Study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(17), 1-13 [10.3390/ijerph191710586].

Psychopathological Impact in Patients with History of Rheumatic Fever with or without Sydenham's Chorea: A Multicenter Prospective Study

Marra, Chiara;Califano, Maria;Fetta, Anna;Fabi, Marianna;Baldini, Chiara;Marchese, Pietro;Cordelli, Duccio Maria;Corsi, Martina;
2022

Abstract

Sydenham's chorea (SC) is a post-streptococcal autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system, and it is a major criterium for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF). SC typically improves in 12-15 weeks, but patients can be affected for years by persistence and recurrencies of both neurological and neuropsychiatric symptoms. We enrolled 48 patients with a previous diagnosis of ARF, with or without SC, in a national multicenter prospective study, to evaluate the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms several years after SC's onset. Our population was divided in a SC group (n = 21), consisting of patients who had SC, and a nSC group (n = 27), consisting of patients who had ARF without SC. Both groups were evaluated by the administration of 8 different neuropsychiatric tests. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) showed significantly (p = 0.021) higher alterations in the SC group than in the nSC group. Furthermore, 60.4% (n = 29) of the overall population experienced neuropsychiatric symptoms other than choreic movements at diagnosis and this finding was significantly more common (p = 0.00) in SC patients (95.2%) than in nSC patients (33.3%). The other neuropsychiatric tests also produced significant results, indicating that SC can exert a strong psychopathological impact on patients even years after its onset.
2022
Orsini, A., Foiadelli, T., Sica, A., Santangelo, A., Carli, N., Bonuccelli, A., et al. (2022). Psychopathological Impact in Patients with History of Rheumatic Fever with or without Sydenham's Chorea: A Multicenter Prospective Study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(17), 1-13 [10.3390/ijerph191710586].
Orsini, Alessandro; Foiadelli, Thomas; Sica, Attilio; Santangelo, Andrea; Carli, Niccolò; Bonuccelli, Alice; Consolini, Rita; D'Elios, Sofia; Loddo, Nicolò; Verrotti, Alberto; Di Cara, Giuseppe; Marra, Chiara; Califano, Maria; Fetta, Anna; Fabi, Marianna; Bergamoni, Stefania; Vignoli, Aglaia; Battini, Roberta; Mosca, Marta; Baldini, Chiara; Assanta, Nadia; Marchese, Pietro; Simonini, Gabriele; Marrani, Edoardo; Operto, Francesca Felicia; Pastorino, Grazia Maria Giovanna; Savasta, Salvatore; Santangelo, Giuseppe; Pedrinelli, Virginia; Massimetti, Gabriele; Dell'Osso, Liliana; Peroni, Diego; Cordelli, Duccio Maria; Corsi, Martina; Carmassi, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/901267
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