Background: Cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) accounts for the highest mortality rate among all skin cancers. Traditional histopathologic diagnosis may be limited by the pathologists’ subjectivity. Second-opinion strategies and multidisciplinary consultations are usually performed to overcome this issue. An available solution in the future could be the use of automated solutions based on a computational algorithm that could help the pathologist in everyday practice. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the potential diagnostic aid of a machine-based algorithm in the histopathologic diagnosis of CMM. Methods: We retrospectively examined excisional biopsies of 50 CMM and 20 benign congenital compound nevi. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained WSI were reviewed independently by two expert dermatopathologists. A fully automated pipeline for WSI processing to support the estimation and prioritization of the melanoma areas was developed. Results: The spatial distribution of the nuclei in the sample provided a multi-scale overview of the tumor. A global overview of the lesion's silhouette was achieved and, by increasing the magnification, the topological distribution of the nuclei and the most informative areas of interest for the CMM diagnosis were identified and highlighted. These silhouettes allow the histopathologist to discriminate between nevus and CMM with an accuracy of 96% without any extra information. Conclusion: In this study we proposed an easy-to-use model that produces segmentations of CMM silhouettes at fine detail level.

Advantages of manual and automatic computer-aided compared to traditional histopathological diagnosis of melanoma: A pilot study / Dika E.; Curti N.; Giampieri E.; Veronesi G.; Misciali C.; Ricci C.; Castellani G.; Patrizi A.; Marcelli E.. - In: PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0344-0338. - ELETTRONICO. - 237:(2022), pp. 154014.1-154014.5. [10.1016/j.prp.2022.154014]

Advantages of manual and automatic computer-aided compared to traditional histopathological diagnosis of melanoma: A pilot study

Dika E.
Co-primo
;
Curti N.
Co-primo
;
Giampieri E.
Secondo
;
Veronesi G.;Misciali C.;Ricci C.;Castellani G.;Patrizi A.
Penultimo
;
Marcelli E.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: Cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) accounts for the highest mortality rate among all skin cancers. Traditional histopathologic diagnosis may be limited by the pathologists’ subjectivity. Second-opinion strategies and multidisciplinary consultations are usually performed to overcome this issue. An available solution in the future could be the use of automated solutions based on a computational algorithm that could help the pathologist in everyday practice. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the potential diagnostic aid of a machine-based algorithm in the histopathologic diagnosis of CMM. Methods: We retrospectively examined excisional biopsies of 50 CMM and 20 benign congenital compound nevi. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained WSI were reviewed independently by two expert dermatopathologists. A fully automated pipeline for WSI processing to support the estimation and prioritization of the melanoma areas was developed. Results: The spatial distribution of the nuclei in the sample provided a multi-scale overview of the tumor. A global overview of the lesion's silhouette was achieved and, by increasing the magnification, the topological distribution of the nuclei and the most informative areas of interest for the CMM diagnosis were identified and highlighted. These silhouettes allow the histopathologist to discriminate between nevus and CMM with an accuracy of 96% without any extra information. Conclusion: In this study we proposed an easy-to-use model that produces segmentations of CMM silhouettes at fine detail level.
2022
Advantages of manual and automatic computer-aided compared to traditional histopathological diagnosis of melanoma: A pilot study / Dika E.; Curti N.; Giampieri E.; Veronesi G.; Misciali C.; Ricci C.; Castellani G.; Patrizi A.; Marcelli E.. - In: PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0344-0338. - ELETTRONICO. - 237:(2022), pp. 154014.1-154014.5. [10.1016/j.prp.2022.154014]
Dika E.; Curti N.; Giampieri E.; Veronesi G.; Misciali C.; Ricci C.; Castellani G.; Patrizi A.; Marcelli E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/901180
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