A 72-year-old woman with COVID-19 respiratory syndrome symptoms underwent a chest CT scan (CT) for investigation. The CT detected a lung mass with no evidence of pneumonia (Fig. a); however, an RT-PCR nasopharyngeal swab (PCR) resulted positive for COVID-19 infection. Subsequent high-resolution CT (HRCT) performed 5 days later identified diffuse, bilateral peripheral ground-glass-opacities (GGO) (Fig. b, red arrow). After returning a negative PCR, [18F]F-FDG PET/CT (Fig. d, e, f) and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 PET/CT (Fig. g, h, i) were performed within 6 days. Both scans demonstrated intense tracer-uptake of the lung mass (blue arrows) which was proven to be an adenocarcinoma at following surgical excision. [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 PET/CT also demonstrated diffuse bilateral posterior lung uptake (Fig. h, red arrow) that was not evident on the [18F]F-FDG PET/CT. This finding corresponded to the GGO detected both at HRCT and PET/CT and to a pattern of crazy-paving with septal thickening at a follow-up HRCT(Fig. c, red arrow). FAPI PET/CT targets the fibroblast activation protein (FAP) which is overexpressed in activated fibroblasts highly present in tumor stroma, but also in benign processes such as fibrosis [1]. Interestingly, GGO in this patient demonstrated no significant [18F]F-FDG-uptake (SUVmax = 3.3; liver SUVmax = 4.5; blood-pool SUVmax = 3.7) paired with increased [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 uptake (SUVmax = 8.2), suggesting no active inflammation with persisting activated fibroblasts. Pulmonary fibrosis was reported both in COVID-19 patients and pathological specimens [2, 3]. In this case, fibrosis was not identified at HRCT nor reviewing surgical slides of previously resected healthy lung parenchyma margins surrounding lung cancer. HRCT demonstrated instead crazy-paving with superimposed interlobular-septal thickening which can be a feature of lung fibrosis [4], with persistence 3 months after. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of FAPI-avid COVID-19 lung infection sequelae. Although lung fibrosis/COVID-19 correlation needs to be investigated in further studies, developing tools to estimate the burden of pulmonary fibrosis or to discriminate between inflammation and fibrosis in patients with lung infections such as COVID-19 could be helpful to predict disease long term effects

A case of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46-avid and [18F]F-FDG-negative COVID-19 pneumonia sequelae / Telo, Silvi; Farolfi, Andrea; Castellucci, Paolo; Antonacci, Filippo; Solli, Piergiorgio; Mosconi, Cristina; Fanti, Stefano; Agosti, Roberto; Morigi, Joshua James; Nanni, Cristina. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7089. - STAMPA. - 49:7(2022), pp. 2452-2453. [10.1007/s00259-022-05720-0]

A case of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46-avid and [18F]F-FDG-negative COVID-19 pneumonia sequelae

Telo, Silvi;Castellucci, Paolo;Antonacci, Filippo;Mosconi, Cristina;Fanti, Stefano;Nanni, Cristina
2022

Abstract

A 72-year-old woman with COVID-19 respiratory syndrome symptoms underwent a chest CT scan (CT) for investigation. The CT detected a lung mass with no evidence of pneumonia (Fig. a); however, an RT-PCR nasopharyngeal swab (PCR) resulted positive for COVID-19 infection. Subsequent high-resolution CT (HRCT) performed 5 days later identified diffuse, bilateral peripheral ground-glass-opacities (GGO) (Fig. b, red arrow). After returning a negative PCR, [18F]F-FDG PET/CT (Fig. d, e, f) and [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 PET/CT (Fig. g, h, i) were performed within 6 days. Both scans demonstrated intense tracer-uptake of the lung mass (blue arrows) which was proven to be an adenocarcinoma at following surgical excision. [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 PET/CT also demonstrated diffuse bilateral posterior lung uptake (Fig. h, red arrow) that was not evident on the [18F]F-FDG PET/CT. This finding corresponded to the GGO detected both at HRCT and PET/CT and to a pattern of crazy-paving with septal thickening at a follow-up HRCT(Fig. c, red arrow). FAPI PET/CT targets the fibroblast activation protein (FAP) which is overexpressed in activated fibroblasts highly present in tumor stroma, but also in benign processes such as fibrosis [1]. Interestingly, GGO in this patient demonstrated no significant [18F]F-FDG-uptake (SUVmax = 3.3; liver SUVmax = 4.5; blood-pool SUVmax = 3.7) paired with increased [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46 uptake (SUVmax = 8.2), suggesting no active inflammation with persisting activated fibroblasts. Pulmonary fibrosis was reported both in COVID-19 patients and pathological specimens [2, 3]. In this case, fibrosis was not identified at HRCT nor reviewing surgical slides of previously resected healthy lung parenchyma margins surrounding lung cancer. HRCT demonstrated instead crazy-paving with superimposed interlobular-septal thickening which can be a feature of lung fibrosis [4], with persistence 3 months after. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of FAPI-avid COVID-19 lung infection sequelae. Although lung fibrosis/COVID-19 correlation needs to be investigated in further studies, developing tools to estimate the burden of pulmonary fibrosis or to discriminate between inflammation and fibrosis in patients with lung infections such as COVID-19 could be helpful to predict disease long term effects
2022
A case of [68Ga]Ga-FAPI-46-avid and [18F]F-FDG-negative COVID-19 pneumonia sequelae / Telo, Silvi; Farolfi, Andrea; Castellucci, Paolo; Antonacci, Filippo; Solli, Piergiorgio; Mosconi, Cristina; Fanti, Stefano; Agosti, Roberto; Morigi, Joshua James; Nanni, Cristina. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7089. - STAMPA. - 49:7(2022), pp. 2452-2453. [10.1007/s00259-022-05720-0]
Telo, Silvi; Farolfi, Andrea; Castellucci, Paolo; Antonacci, Filippo; Solli, Piergiorgio; Mosconi, Cristina; Fanti, Stefano; Agosti, Roberto; Morigi, Joshua James; Nanni, Cristina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/901175
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