In the present work, thermoplastic elastomeric nanofibers made up of a homogenous blend of nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) and Ppolycaprolactone (CL), with 80% wt of rubbery component, are used to modify a carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminate with the aim of improving its delamination and damping behavior at the same time. Since the nanofibrous membrane is not chemically cross-linked, the fibrous morphology is lost during composite curing owing to its melting. Nonetheless, the nanomodified CFRP displays an impressive ability to improve the delamination resistance in mode I and also an enhanced damping capacity at low temperature. The use of nanofibrous membranes allows for modification of specifically selected areas, thus maximizing the toughening and damping behavior where most required, without necessarily affecting the whole bulk of the resin. Both PCL and NBR components contribute to the final performance; however, the very high amount of rubber leads to a membrane difficult to handle whose final performance in CFRP modification is not superior to membranes up to 60% wt NBR that are instead more stable and easier to deal with. Overall, the proposed results are nonetheless very promising, taking into account also that the improved delamination resistance in mode I and enhanced damping are obtained without significantly sacrificing the weight and overall dimension of the obtained composite.

A Thermoplastic Elastomeric Nanofibrous Membrane as CFRP Modifier to Boost Both Delamination and Damping Performance

Maccaferri, E;Mazzocchetti, L
;
Benelli, T;Brugo, TM;Zucchelli, A;Giorgini, L
2022

Abstract

In the present work, thermoplastic elastomeric nanofibers made up of a homogenous blend of nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) and Ppolycaprolactone (CL), with 80% wt of rubbery component, are used to modify a carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminate with the aim of improving its delamination and damping behavior at the same time. Since the nanofibrous membrane is not chemically cross-linked, the fibrous morphology is lost during composite curing owing to its melting. Nonetheless, the nanomodified CFRP displays an impressive ability to improve the delamination resistance in mode I and also an enhanced damping capacity at low temperature. The use of nanofibrous membranes allows for modification of specifically selected areas, thus maximizing the toughening and damping behavior where most required, without necessarily affecting the whole bulk of the resin. Both PCL and NBR components contribute to the final performance; however, the very high amount of rubber leads to a membrane difficult to handle whose final performance in CFRP modification is not superior to membranes up to 60% wt NBR that are instead more stable and easier to deal with. Overall, the proposed results are nonetheless very promising, taking into account also that the improved delamination resistance in mode I and enhanced damping are obtained without significantly sacrificing the weight and overall dimension of the obtained composite.
Maccaferri, E; Mazzocchetti, L; Benelli, T; Brugo, TM; Zucchelli, A; Giorgini, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/900808
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