Background: Our aim was to describe the clinical outcome and safety of the sequential treatment with off-label dalbavancin in patients with spondylodiscitis that is caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: We retrospectively included all patients >18 years of age with spondylodiscitis that is caused by MRSA that was treated with dalbavancin from January 2018-January 2021, recording the instances of clinical cure/failure, adverse events, and the need to be re-hospitalized after the initiation of dalbavancin. In 2/15 patients, we performed therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for dalbavancin. Results: We included 15 patients, 53.3% of them were females, with a median age of 67.9 years (57.4-78.5); 100% patients reported back pain, while a fever was present only in 2/15 cases. The spondylodiscitis was localized in 86.6% cases at the lumbar level. A median of a 2-week in-hospital intravenous vancomycin was followed by dalbavancin with a median duration of 12 weeks (12-16). All patients reported a clinical cure, except for a woman who is still on a suppressive treatment. No patient needed to be re-hospitalized, access to emergency department, or experienced adverse events. The TDM for dalbavancin showed that more than 90% of the determinations were above the pharmacodynamic target against staphylococci. Conclusions: The results from our unique, even if it was small, cohort demonstrated that dalbavancin can be a safe/effective option as a sequential treatment in patients with serious infections requiring prolonged antibiotic therapy, such as spondylodiscitis.

Mazzitelli, M., Gatti, M., Scaglione, V., Mengato, D., Trevenzoli, M., Sattin, A., et al. (2022). Off-Label Use of Dalbavancin for Sequential Treatment of Spondylodiscitis by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A Retrospective Single-Centre Experience. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(10), 1-9 [10.3390/antibiotics11101377].

Off-Label Use of Dalbavancin for Sequential Treatment of Spondylodiscitis by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A Retrospective Single-Centre Experience

Gatti, Milo;Pea, Federico;
2022

Abstract

Background: Our aim was to describe the clinical outcome and safety of the sequential treatment with off-label dalbavancin in patients with spondylodiscitis that is caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: We retrospectively included all patients >18 years of age with spondylodiscitis that is caused by MRSA that was treated with dalbavancin from January 2018-January 2021, recording the instances of clinical cure/failure, adverse events, and the need to be re-hospitalized after the initiation of dalbavancin. In 2/15 patients, we performed therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for dalbavancin. Results: We included 15 patients, 53.3% of them were females, with a median age of 67.9 years (57.4-78.5); 100% patients reported back pain, while a fever was present only in 2/15 cases. The spondylodiscitis was localized in 86.6% cases at the lumbar level. A median of a 2-week in-hospital intravenous vancomycin was followed by dalbavancin with a median duration of 12 weeks (12-16). All patients reported a clinical cure, except for a woman who is still on a suppressive treatment. No patient needed to be re-hospitalized, access to emergency department, or experienced adverse events. The TDM for dalbavancin showed that more than 90% of the determinations were above the pharmacodynamic target against staphylococci. Conclusions: The results from our unique, even if it was small, cohort demonstrated that dalbavancin can be a safe/effective option as a sequential treatment in patients with serious infections requiring prolonged antibiotic therapy, such as spondylodiscitis.
2022
Mazzitelli, M., Gatti, M., Scaglione, V., Mengato, D., Trevenzoli, M., Sattin, A., et al. (2022). Off-Label Use of Dalbavancin for Sequential Treatment of Spondylodiscitis by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A Retrospective Single-Centre Experience. ANTIBIOTICS, 11(10), 1-9 [10.3390/antibiotics11101377].
Mazzitelli, Maria; Gatti, Milo; Scaglione, Vincenzo; Mengato, Daniele; Trevenzoli, Marco; Sattin, Andrea; Pea, Federico; Cattelan, Anna Maria
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
antibiotics-11-01377-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 260.81 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
260.81 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/900529
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact