Precision Agriculture (PA) is an approach to maximizing crop productivity in a sustainable manner. PA requires up-to-date, accurate and georeferenced information on crops, which can be collected from different sensors from ground, aerial or satellite platforms. The use of optical and thermal sensors from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platform is an emerging solution for mapping and monitoring in PA, yet many technological challenges are still open. This technical note discusses the choice of UAV type and its scientific payload for surveying a sample area of 5 hectares, as well as the procedures for replicating the study on a larger scale. This case study is an ideal opportunity to test the best practices to combine the requirements of PA surveys with the limitations imposed by local UAV regulations. In the field area, to follow crop development at various stages, nine flights over a period of four months were planned and executed. The usage of ground control points for optimal georeferencing and accurate alignment of maps created by multi-temporal processing is analyzed. Output maps are produced in both visible and thermal bands, after appropriate strip alignment, mosaicking, sensor calibration, and processing with Structure from Motion techniques. The discussion of strategies, checklists, workflow, and processing is backed by data from more than 5000 optical and radiometric thermal images taken during five hours of flight time in nine flights throughout the crop season. The geomatics challenges of a georeferenced survey for PA using UAVs are the key focus of this technical note. Accurate maps derived from these multi-temporal and multi-sensor surveys feed Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Decision Support Systems (DSS) to benefit PA in a multidisciplinary approach.

Technical Challenges for Multi-Temporal and Multi-Sensor Image Processing Surveyed by UAV for Mapping and Monitoring in Precision Agriculture

Lambertini, Alessandro
;
Mandanici, Emanuele;Tini, Maria Alessandra;Vittuari, Luca
2022

Abstract

Precision Agriculture (PA) is an approach to maximizing crop productivity in a sustainable manner. PA requires up-to-date, accurate and georeferenced information on crops, which can be collected from different sensors from ground, aerial or satellite platforms. The use of optical and thermal sensors from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platform is an emerging solution for mapping and monitoring in PA, yet many technological challenges are still open. This technical note discusses the choice of UAV type and its scientific payload for surveying a sample area of 5 hectares, as well as the procedures for replicating the study on a larger scale. This case study is an ideal opportunity to test the best practices to combine the requirements of PA surveys with the limitations imposed by local UAV regulations. In the field area, to follow crop development at various stages, nine flights over a period of four months were planned and executed. The usage of ground control points for optimal georeferencing and accurate alignment of maps created by multi-temporal processing is analyzed. Output maps are produced in both visible and thermal bands, after appropriate strip alignment, mosaicking, sensor calibration, and processing with Structure from Motion techniques. The discussion of strategies, checklists, workflow, and processing is backed by data from more than 5000 optical and radiometric thermal images taken during five hours of flight time in nine flights throughout the crop season. The geomatics challenges of a georeferenced survey for PA using UAVs are the key focus of this technical note. Accurate maps derived from these multi-temporal and multi-sensor surveys feed Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Decision Support Systems (DSS) to benefit PA in a multidisciplinary approach.
Lambertini, Alessandro; Mandanici, Emanuele; Tini, Maria Alessandra; Vittuari, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/900068
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