The assessment of the acoustic quality of learning spaces traditionally concerns rooms' objective param-eters and not the dynamical behavior of students during lectures. In the present work, student activity and speech levels measured in two historical university lecture halls are used to assess the quality of the acoustic environment before and after renovation works. Restoration includes both acoustic treat-ments and public address (PA) redesign based on line array system. Clustering techniques, Gaussian Mixture Model and K-means, were used to measure the student activity and the speech levels after long-term monitoring of active classrooms. Outcomes show how acoustic treatments, and especially the PA redesign through line arrays, keep the environment quieter. Consequently, the signal-to-noise ratio - assumed in highly occupied large halls as the difference between the speech level and the student activity - increases even considering the varia-tion of occupancy. This is probably due to the uniform coverage of PA within the audience area. Spectral matching confirms the reliability of both unsupervised methods showing two different speech shapes: the anechoic teachers' speech, and the students' speech-in-noise. Nevertheless, K-means cluster-ing seems to be more robust to changes in levels than Gaussian Mixture Model. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Effectiveness of acoustic treatments and PA redesign by means of student activity and speech levels / De Salvio, D; D'Orazio, D. - In: APPLIED ACOUSTICS. - ISSN 0003-682X. - ELETTRONICO. - 194:(2022), pp. 108783-108794. [10.1016/j.apacoust.2022.108783]

Effectiveness of acoustic treatments and PA redesign by means of student activity and speech levels

De Salvio, D
Primo
;
D'Orazio, D
Secondo
2022

Abstract

The assessment of the acoustic quality of learning spaces traditionally concerns rooms' objective param-eters and not the dynamical behavior of students during lectures. In the present work, student activity and speech levels measured in two historical university lecture halls are used to assess the quality of the acoustic environment before and after renovation works. Restoration includes both acoustic treat-ments and public address (PA) redesign based on line array system. Clustering techniques, Gaussian Mixture Model and K-means, were used to measure the student activity and the speech levels after long-term monitoring of active classrooms. Outcomes show how acoustic treatments, and especially the PA redesign through line arrays, keep the environment quieter. Consequently, the signal-to-noise ratio - assumed in highly occupied large halls as the difference between the speech level and the student activity - increases even considering the varia-tion of occupancy. This is probably due to the uniform coverage of PA within the audience area. Spectral matching confirms the reliability of both unsupervised methods showing two different speech shapes: the anechoic teachers' speech, and the students' speech-in-noise. Nevertheless, K-means cluster-ing seems to be more robust to changes in levels than Gaussian Mixture Model. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2022
Effectiveness of acoustic treatments and PA redesign by means of student activity and speech levels / De Salvio, D; D'Orazio, D. - In: APPLIED ACOUSTICS. - ISSN 0003-682X. - ELETTRONICO. - 194:(2022), pp. 108783-108794. [10.1016/j.apacoust.2022.108783]
De Salvio, D; D'Orazio, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899842
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