Glyphosate or N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine, widely used as herbicide in agriculture to control weeds and to facilitate harvesting, has been included in Group 2A pollutants (probably carcinogenic to humans) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). In intensive agricultural areas, runoff and soil leaching are likely to drive glyphosate to surface waters, where the compound is often detected together with its main microbial metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). In the present study a method based on capillary electrophoresis coupled with light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence detection has been developed and validated for the determination of the two compounds in whole soft mass of marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The method is based on the acidic hydrolysis of lyophilized tissue using 6 M HCl (oven at 110 °C for 22 h) to release the target analytes; their subsequent derivatization using 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole, was found to be suitable for the sensitive fluorescence detection. To achieve optimum separation of the analytes from the matrix and degradation reagent interferences, the background electrolyte constituted by borate buffer (pH 9.2, 30 mM) was supplemented with 10 mM heptakis(2,6-di-O-methyl)-β-cyclodextrin. The method was validated for linearity, precision, accuracy, robustness and sensitivity showing LOQ of 0.2 and 1.0 µg/g in fresh tissues, for AMPA and glyphosate, respectively; the recovery values ranged within 88.5 – 94.6% for glyphosate and 70.4 – 76.6% for AMPA. Experimental samples of Mediterranean mussels M. galloprovincialis treated with 100 µg/L or 500 µg/L of both glyphosate and AMPA, showed a dose dependent bioaccumulation of the compounds reaching maximum level of 77.0 µg/g and 11.3 µg/g of AMPA and glyphosate, respectively. The study demonstrates for the first time M. galloprovincialis as potential sentinel organisms for the environmental occurrence of these small amphoteric pollutant

Gotti R., Fiori J., Furlanetto S., Orlandini S., Candela M., Franzellitti S. (2022). Assessment of bioaccumulation of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in marine mussels using capillary electrophoresis with light‐emitting diode‐induced fluorescence detection. JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A, 1681, 1-8 [10.1016/j.chroma.2022.463452].

Assessment of bioaccumulation of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in marine mussels using capillary electrophoresis with light‐emitting diode‐induced fluorescence detection

Gotti R.
Primo
;
Fiori J.;Candela M.;Franzellitti S.
2022

Abstract

Glyphosate or N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine, widely used as herbicide in agriculture to control weeds and to facilitate harvesting, has been included in Group 2A pollutants (probably carcinogenic to humans) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). In intensive agricultural areas, runoff and soil leaching are likely to drive glyphosate to surface waters, where the compound is often detected together with its main microbial metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). In the present study a method based on capillary electrophoresis coupled with light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence detection has been developed and validated for the determination of the two compounds in whole soft mass of marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The method is based on the acidic hydrolysis of lyophilized tissue using 6 M HCl (oven at 110 °C for 22 h) to release the target analytes; their subsequent derivatization using 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole, was found to be suitable for the sensitive fluorescence detection. To achieve optimum separation of the analytes from the matrix and degradation reagent interferences, the background electrolyte constituted by borate buffer (pH 9.2, 30 mM) was supplemented with 10 mM heptakis(2,6-di-O-methyl)-β-cyclodextrin. The method was validated for linearity, precision, accuracy, robustness and sensitivity showing LOQ of 0.2 and 1.0 µg/g in fresh tissues, for AMPA and glyphosate, respectively; the recovery values ranged within 88.5 – 94.6% for glyphosate and 70.4 – 76.6% for AMPA. Experimental samples of Mediterranean mussels M. galloprovincialis treated with 100 µg/L or 500 µg/L of both glyphosate and AMPA, showed a dose dependent bioaccumulation of the compounds reaching maximum level of 77.0 µg/g and 11.3 µg/g of AMPA and glyphosate, respectively. The study demonstrates for the first time M. galloprovincialis as potential sentinel organisms for the environmental occurrence of these small amphoteric pollutant
2022
Gotti R., Fiori J., Furlanetto S., Orlandini S., Candela M., Franzellitti S. (2022). Assessment of bioaccumulation of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in marine mussels using capillary electrophoresis with light‐emitting diode‐induced fluorescence detection. JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A, 1681, 1-8 [10.1016/j.chroma.2022.463452].
Gotti R.; Fiori J.; Furlanetto S.; Orlandini S.; Candela M.; Franzellitti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899826
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