The aim of this work is to investigate the hydrogen sorption kinetics and thermodynamics of Mg-Ni nanoparticles at relatively low temperature in relation to their microstructure. To this purpose, Mg-Ni nanoparticles (20 at% Ni) were prepared by gas phase condensation employing two thermal vapour sources. In the as-prepared state, Mg and Ni are mixed within individual nanoparticles, but the intermetallic Mg2Ni compound is not fully formed. After keeping the nanoparticles at 150 °C for two hours under high vacuum or at a mild hydrogen pressure of 0.15 bar, the formation of a Mg-Mg2Ni or MgH2-Mg2NiH0.3 nanocomposite is observed. Subsequently, fast kinetics of hydrogen sorption are recorded at 150 °C with activation energy of 80±8 kJ/mol (absorption) and 60±6 kJ/mol (desorption). However, the maximum hydrogen storage capacity is limited to 2.5 wt% because the transformation from Mg2NiH0.3 to Mg2NiH4 does not take place at 150 °C even at pressures well above the expected thermodynamic equilibrium. Therefore, only the transformation Mg↔MgH2 contributes to the reversible storage capacity. The corresponding equilibrium pressure determined by pressure-composition isotherms of absorption and desorption at 150 °C is 7.5 mbar, very close to the extrapolated value for bulk Mg. The partial replacement of Ni with Fe does not significantly alter the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen sorption. The structure and hydrogen sorption properties of Mg-Ni nanoparticles are compared to those of Mg-Ti nanoparticles prepared by a similar procedure.

Structure and hydrogen sorption properties of Mg-Mg2Ni nanoparticles prepared by gas phase condensation

Mazzaro R.
Investigation
;
Pasquini L.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2022

Abstract

The aim of this work is to investigate the hydrogen sorption kinetics and thermodynamics of Mg-Ni nanoparticles at relatively low temperature in relation to their microstructure. To this purpose, Mg-Ni nanoparticles (20 at% Ni) were prepared by gas phase condensation employing two thermal vapour sources. In the as-prepared state, Mg and Ni are mixed within individual nanoparticles, but the intermetallic Mg2Ni compound is not fully formed. After keeping the nanoparticles at 150 °C for two hours under high vacuum or at a mild hydrogen pressure of 0.15 bar, the formation of a Mg-Mg2Ni or MgH2-Mg2NiH0.3 nanocomposite is observed. Subsequently, fast kinetics of hydrogen sorption are recorded at 150 °C with activation energy of 80±8 kJ/mol (absorption) and 60±6 kJ/mol (desorption). However, the maximum hydrogen storage capacity is limited to 2.5 wt% because the transformation from Mg2NiH0.3 to Mg2NiH4 does not take place at 150 °C even at pressures well above the expected thermodynamic equilibrium. Therefore, only the transformation Mg↔MgH2 contributes to the reversible storage capacity. The corresponding equilibrium pressure determined by pressure-composition isotherms of absorption and desorption at 150 °C is 7.5 mbar, very close to the extrapolated value for bulk Mg. The partial replacement of Ni with Fe does not significantly alter the thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen sorption. The structure and hydrogen sorption properties of Mg-Ni nanoparticles are compared to those of Mg-Ti nanoparticles prepared by a similar procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899506
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