The incorporation of nature-based solutions comprising green and blue infrastructure is often touted as a way to cool cities and enhance pollutant removal. However, there is little agreement between different methodologies to measure the effect of any single intervention. Here, we present 3D steady RANS simulations to investigate the influence of waterbody on in-canyon flow structure, temperature (T*) and water vapour (!*) distribution in a simplified urban neighbourhood. A novel solver that captures evaporation effects is developed and validated against wind tunnel experiments. Simulations are performed under neutral atmospheric conditions for forced -and mixed-convection cases and different air-water temperature differences, indicative of either daytime or night-time conditions. Results under forced convection show minimal impact on the flow structure, whilst T* and !* effects are distributed primarily over and around the water surface. However, the mixed-convection case shows that a cooler waterbody weakens the principal vortex in the open square, whilst T* and !* effects reach further upwind and are more widely distributed in the spanwise direction. A warmer waterbody is shown to disrupt the skimming flow structure, indicating a possible heat and pollutant removal mechanism from around the waterbody and also downwind canyons.

Evaporating waterbody effects in a simplified urban neighbourhood: A RANS analysis / Ampatzidis, P; Cintolesi, C; Petronio, A; Di Sabatino, S; Kershaw, T. - In: JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS. - ISSN 0167-6105. - ELETTRONICO. - 227:(2022), pp. 105078.1-105078.20. [10.1016/j.jweia.2022.105078]

Evaporating waterbody effects in a simplified urban neighbourhood: A RANS analysis

Cintolesi, C
Secondo
Software
;
Di Sabatino, S
Penultimo
Supervision
;
2022

Abstract

The incorporation of nature-based solutions comprising green and blue infrastructure is often touted as a way to cool cities and enhance pollutant removal. However, there is little agreement between different methodologies to measure the effect of any single intervention. Here, we present 3D steady RANS simulations to investigate the influence of waterbody on in-canyon flow structure, temperature (T*) and water vapour (!*) distribution in a simplified urban neighbourhood. A novel solver that captures evaporation effects is developed and validated against wind tunnel experiments. Simulations are performed under neutral atmospheric conditions for forced -and mixed-convection cases and different air-water temperature differences, indicative of either daytime or night-time conditions. Results under forced convection show minimal impact on the flow structure, whilst T* and !* effects are distributed primarily over and around the water surface. However, the mixed-convection case shows that a cooler waterbody weakens the principal vortex in the open square, whilst T* and !* effects reach further upwind and are more widely distributed in the spanwise direction. A warmer waterbody is shown to disrupt the skimming flow structure, indicating a possible heat and pollutant removal mechanism from around the waterbody and also downwind canyons.
2022
Evaporating waterbody effects in a simplified urban neighbourhood: A RANS analysis / Ampatzidis, P; Cintolesi, C; Petronio, A; Di Sabatino, S; Kershaw, T. - In: JOURNAL OF WIND ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL AERODYNAMICS. - ISSN 0167-6105. - ELETTRONICO. - 227:(2022), pp. 105078.1-105078.20. [10.1016/j.jweia.2022.105078]
Ampatzidis, P; Cintolesi, C; Petronio, A; Di Sabatino, S; Kershaw, T
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899429
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