Fibre-reinforced composite materials are widespread in lightweight, high-performance applications. However, polymeric composites generally exhibit a brittle behaviour, which makes them susceptible to impact damage. Even low-velocity impacts can produce delaminations, which cause a substantial reduction of the compressive mechanical properties. Metallic layers have been embedded in composite laminates with the aim to improve their fracture behaviour: aluminium plies can be employed to increase the indentation resistance of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) specimens. For this reason, hybrid fibre-metal laminates are expected to be a viable solution to reduce the damage caused by low-velocity impacts. In this work, CFRP specimens reinforced with aluminium plies were modelled using the finite element method and a cohesive zone model. Cohesive elements based on a traction-separation formulation were embedded at each ply-to-ply interface to enforce delamination damage. Different configurations of the Al reinforcements were studied by varying the position of the aluminium layers between the CFRP plies.

Numerical Investigation of Al-Reinforced CFRP Composite under Low-Velocity Impact

Falaschetti M. P.
;
Zavatta N.;Rondina F.;Donati L.;Troiani E.
2022

Abstract

Fibre-reinforced composite materials are widespread in lightweight, high-performance applications. However, polymeric composites generally exhibit a brittle behaviour, which makes them susceptible to impact damage. Even low-velocity impacts can produce delaminations, which cause a substantial reduction of the compressive mechanical properties. Metallic layers have been embedded in composite laminates with the aim to improve their fracture behaviour: aluminium plies can be employed to increase the indentation resistance of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) specimens. For this reason, hybrid fibre-metal laminates are expected to be a viable solution to reduce the damage caused by low-velocity impacts. In this work, CFRP specimens reinforced with aluminium plies were modelled using the finite element method and a cohesive zone model. Cohesive elements based on a traction-separation formulation were embedded at each ply-to-ply interface to enforce delamination damage. Different configurations of the Al reinforcements were studied by varying the position of the aluminium layers between the CFRP plies.
Key Engineering Materials
1959
1968
Falaschetti M.P.; Zavatta N.; Rondina F.; Donati L.; Troiani E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899392
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