Simple Summary The purpose of the present study is to describe the frequency of non-malignant [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC uncinate process (UP) uptake and to evaluate its variations over time. Among the first 6 months of enrolment of a monocentric prospective observational electronic archive, analyses of a large number of PET/CT scans (n = 268) of NEN pts (n = 172) demonstrated that: UP uptake is a frequent finding (observed in almost half of the cases, slightly higher than previously reported), mostly presenting with a diffuse pattern and, interestingly, characterized by variations over time in almost one third of the cases. The consciousness of this diagnostic pitfall is of utmost importance for accurate [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT reporting, since the pancreas represents one of the most frequent sites of NEN. Purpose: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-peptide uptake in the pancreatic head/uncinate process (UP) is a frequent PET/CT finding. Although mostly physiologic, it can represent a pitfall in PET/CT reading, especially when focal. An increased frequency of UP uptake has been reported in patients (pts) affected by diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of the study is to describe the frequency of [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC UP uptake to evaluate its variations over time and its possible correlation with DM. Methods: In September 2017, a monocentric prospective observational electronic archive was initiated at our center to collect clinical and imaging data of pts undergoing [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT. Among the pts enrolled in the first 6 months (Sept 2017 to Feb 2018), those presenting [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT uptake at UP level were included. Pts with UP lesions already documented on CT/MRI or those that underwent surgical excision of UP before PET/CT were excluded from the analysis. [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC UP uptake was classified as diffuse or focal and compared with the pattern observed in previous PET/CT scans performed at our center. An increased frequency of UP uptake was also correlated with the presence of DM. Results: In the first 6 months, 253 pts were enrolled in the archive and 172 out of them were included in the analysis. UP increased uptake was frequently observed (77/172, 44.8%) and was mostly diffuse (62/77). In 75/172 pts (43.6%), previous [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT scans were available (overall 268 scans; number of previous PET per pt range: 1-20) and were retrospectively reviewed. Despite the fact that, in most pts, the uptake pattern was stable over time (54/75 pts, 72%), it changed in approximately one third of cases (21/75, 28%). Among DM pts (29/172), only 10/29 (34.4%) presented increased UP uptake. Conclusions: UP [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC uptake is a frequent non-malignant finding (slightly higher than previously reported), mostly presenting with a diffuse pattern. However, contrary to previous reports, our data show that the pattern of uptake may vary over time in approximately one third of the cases and it is not more frequently observed in pts with DM.

[68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC Uptake at Pancreatic Head/Uncinate Process: Is It a Persistent Diagnostic Pitfall Over Time?

Fortunati E.
;
Argalia G.;Campana D.;Lamberti G.;Ricci C.;Casadei R.;Fanti S.;Ambrosini V.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary The purpose of the present study is to describe the frequency of non-malignant [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC uncinate process (UP) uptake and to evaluate its variations over time. Among the first 6 months of enrolment of a monocentric prospective observational electronic archive, analyses of a large number of PET/CT scans (n = 268) of NEN pts (n = 172) demonstrated that: UP uptake is a frequent finding (observed in almost half of the cases, slightly higher than previously reported), mostly presenting with a diffuse pattern and, interestingly, characterized by variations over time in almost one third of the cases. The consciousness of this diagnostic pitfall is of utmost importance for accurate [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT reporting, since the pancreas represents one of the most frequent sites of NEN. Purpose: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-peptide uptake in the pancreatic head/uncinate process (UP) is a frequent PET/CT finding. Although mostly physiologic, it can represent a pitfall in PET/CT reading, especially when focal. An increased frequency of UP uptake has been reported in patients (pts) affected by diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of the study is to describe the frequency of [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC UP uptake to evaluate its variations over time and its possible correlation with DM. Methods: In September 2017, a monocentric prospective observational electronic archive was initiated at our center to collect clinical and imaging data of pts undergoing [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT. Among the pts enrolled in the first 6 months (Sept 2017 to Feb 2018), those presenting [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT uptake at UP level were included. Pts with UP lesions already documented on CT/MRI or those that underwent surgical excision of UP before PET/CT were excluded from the analysis. [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC UP uptake was classified as diffuse or focal and compared with the pattern observed in previous PET/CT scans performed at our center. An increased frequency of UP uptake was also correlated with the presence of DM. Results: In the first 6 months, 253 pts were enrolled in the archive and 172 out of them were included in the analysis. UP increased uptake was frequently observed (77/172, 44.8%) and was mostly diffuse (62/77). In 75/172 pts (43.6%), previous [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT scans were available (overall 268 scans; number of previous PET per pt range: 1-20) and were retrospectively reviewed. Despite the fact that, in most pts, the uptake pattern was stable over time (54/75 pts, 72%), it changed in approximately one third of cases (21/75, 28%). Among DM pts (29/172), only 10/29 (34.4%) presented increased UP uptake. Conclusions: UP [68Ga]Ga-DOTANOC uptake is a frequent non-malignant finding (slightly higher than previously reported), mostly presenting with a diffuse pattern. However, contrary to previous reports, our data show that the pattern of uptake may vary over time in approximately one third of the cases and it is not more frequently observed in pts with DM.
Tabacchi E.; Fortunati E.; Argalia G.; Zanoni L.; Calabro D.; Telo S.; Campana D.; Lamberti G.; Ricci C.; Casadei R.; Fanti S.; Ambrosini V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899329
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