Objectives of the study were to investigate biomechanical properties of severely compromised premolars restored with composite restorations using finite element analysis (FEA), and in vitro fracture resistance test. A 3-D model of an endodontically treated premolar was created in Solidworks. Different composite restorations were modelled (direct restoration-DR; endo-crown-EC; post, core, and crown-C) with two different supporting tissues: periodontal ligament/alveolar bone (B), and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). Models were two-point axially loaded occlusally (850 N). Von Mises stresses and strains were calculated. The same groups were further tested for static fracture resistance in vitro (n = 5, 6.0 mm-diameter ball indenter, vertical load). Fracture resistance data were statistically analyzed (p < 0.050). The highest stresses and strains in all FEA models were observed on occlusal and vestibular cervical surfaces, corresponding to fracture propagation demonstrated in vitro. C showed the lowest stress in dentin, while EC showed lower stresses and strains in crown cement. B models demonstrated larger high stress areas in the root than PMMA models. No significant differences in fracture resistance (N) were observed between groups (DR: 747.7 ± 164.0, EC: 867.3 ± 108.1, C: 866.9 ± 126.3; p = 0.307). More conservative restorations seem a feasible alternative for endodontically treated premolars to conventional post-core-crown.

Finite element and in vitro study on biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated premolars restored with direct or indirect composite restorations / Maravic T.; Comba A.; Mazzitelli C.; Bartoletti L.; Balla I.; di Pietro E.; Josic U.; Generali L.; Vasiljevic D.; Blazic L.; Breschi L.; Mazzoni A.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:1(2022), pp. 12671.1-12671.11. [10.1038/s41598-022-16480-0]

Finite element and in vitro study on biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated premolars restored with direct or indirect composite restorations

Maravic T.
Primo
;
Comba A.;Mazzitelli C.;Josic U.;Breschi L.
;
Mazzoni A.
2022

Abstract

Objectives of the study were to investigate biomechanical properties of severely compromised premolars restored with composite restorations using finite element analysis (FEA), and in vitro fracture resistance test. A 3-D model of an endodontically treated premolar was created in Solidworks. Different composite restorations were modelled (direct restoration-DR; endo-crown-EC; post, core, and crown-C) with two different supporting tissues: periodontal ligament/alveolar bone (B), and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). Models were two-point axially loaded occlusally (850 N). Von Mises stresses and strains were calculated. The same groups were further tested for static fracture resistance in vitro (n = 5, 6.0 mm-diameter ball indenter, vertical load). Fracture resistance data were statistically analyzed (p < 0.050). The highest stresses and strains in all FEA models were observed on occlusal and vestibular cervical surfaces, corresponding to fracture propagation demonstrated in vitro. C showed the lowest stress in dentin, while EC showed lower stresses and strains in crown cement. B models demonstrated larger high stress areas in the root than PMMA models. No significant differences in fracture resistance (N) were observed between groups (DR: 747.7 ± 164.0, EC: 867.3 ± 108.1, C: 866.9 ± 126.3; p = 0.307). More conservative restorations seem a feasible alternative for endodontically treated premolars to conventional post-core-crown.
2022
Finite element and in vitro study on biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated premolars restored with direct or indirect composite restorations / Maravic T.; Comba A.; Mazzitelli C.; Bartoletti L.; Balla I.; di Pietro E.; Josic U.; Generali L.; Vasiljevic D.; Blazic L.; Breschi L.; Mazzoni A.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:1(2022), pp. 12671.1-12671.11. [10.1038/s41598-022-16480-0]
Maravic T.; Comba A.; Mazzitelli C.; Bartoletti L.; Balla I.; di Pietro E.; Josic U.; Generali L.; Vasiljevic D.; Blazic L.; Breschi L.; Mazzoni A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899302
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