Possible pattern variations of micro-ornamentation in different areas of the skin in the gecko Lygodactylus have been analyzed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. A map of micro-ornamentation present in various areas of the skin has been obtained. Differences in micro-ornamentation pattern and sensory organ distribution were detected. The “spinulated pattern” consists of shorter spinulae in dorsal versus ventral scales, and spinules are shorter in inner scale surface and hinge regions with respect to the outer scale surface. The spines derive from the accumulation of struts of corneous material mainly composed of corneous beta proteins (CBPs, formerly indicated as beta-keratins) that merge into pointed micro-ornamentation. The 3D-accumulation of CBPs within Oberhautchen cells can vary in some regions of different scales during Oberhautchen-beta cell differentiation, perhaps also under physical tensile forces derived from continuous scale growth. Three other main patterns of micro-ornamentation were detected and indicated as “corneous belts,” “corneous dendritic ramification,” and “serpentine-pit and groove.” These variations from the typical spinulated pattern present in gecko epidermis are interpreted as transitional regions where the accumulation of corneous material in Oberhautchen cells that merges with underlying beta-cells gives rise to nonspinulated surfaces. Spinulated sensory organs with bristles and lenticular-shaped or knob-like tactile corpuscles are more numerous in ventral scales of the tail tip close to adhesive pads and near the digital pads. These regions are likely those most involved in the fine control of movements and response to vibrational stimuli derived from air and objects movements, including potential preys or predators.

Electron microscopic analysis in the gecko Lygodactylus reveals variations in micro-ornamentation and sensory organs distribution in the epidermis that indicate regional functions

Bonfitto A.
Primo
Investigation
;
Alibardi L.
Ultimo
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Possible pattern variations of micro-ornamentation in different areas of the skin in the gecko Lygodactylus have been analyzed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. A map of micro-ornamentation present in various areas of the skin has been obtained. Differences in micro-ornamentation pattern and sensory organ distribution were detected. The “spinulated pattern” consists of shorter spinulae in dorsal versus ventral scales, and spinules are shorter in inner scale surface and hinge regions with respect to the outer scale surface. The spines derive from the accumulation of struts of corneous material mainly composed of corneous beta proteins (CBPs, formerly indicated as beta-keratins) that merge into pointed micro-ornamentation. The 3D-accumulation of CBPs within Oberhautchen cells can vary in some regions of different scales during Oberhautchen-beta cell differentiation, perhaps also under physical tensile forces derived from continuous scale growth. Three other main patterns of micro-ornamentation were detected and indicated as “corneous belts,” “corneous dendritic ramification,” and “serpentine-pit and groove.” These variations from the typical spinulated pattern present in gecko epidermis are interpreted as transitional regions where the accumulation of corneous material in Oberhautchen cells that merges with underlying beta-cells gives rise to nonspinulated surfaces. Spinulated sensory organs with bristles and lenticular-shaped or knob-like tactile corpuscles are more numerous in ventral scales of the tail tip close to adhesive pads and near the digital pads. These regions are likely those most involved in the fine control of movements and response to vibrational stimuli derived from air and objects movements, including potential preys or predators.
Bonfitto A.; Bussinello D.; Alibardi L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899218
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