Although many photosynthesis related processes are known to be controlled by the circadian system, consequent changes in photosynthetic activities are poorly understood. Photosynthesis was investigated during the daily cycle by chlorophyll fluorescence using a PAM fluorometer in Pulmonaria vallarsae subsp. apennina, an understory herb. A standard test consists of a light induction pretreatment followed by light response curve (LRC). Comparison of the major diagnostic parameters collected during day and night showed a nocturnal drop of photosynthetic responses, more evident in water-limited plants and consisting of: (i) strong reduction of flash-induced fluorescence peaks (FIP), maximum linear electron transport rate (Jmax, ETREM) and effective PSII quantum yield (phi(PSII)); (ii) strong enhancement of nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) and (iii) little or no change in photochemical quenching qP, maximum quantum yield of linear electron transport (phi), and shape of LRC (theta). A remarkable feature of day/night LRCs at moderate to high irradiance was their linear-parallel course in double-reciprocal plots. Photosynthesis was also monitored in plants subjected to 2-3 days of continuous darkness ("long night"). In such conditions, plants exhibited high but declining peaks of photosynthetic activity during subjective days and a low, constant value with elevated NPQ during subjective night tests. The photosynthetic parameters recorded in subjective days in artificial darkness resembled those under natural day conditions. On the basis of the evidence, we suggest a circadian component and a biochemical feedback inhibition to explain the night depression of photosynthesis in P. vallarsae.

The circadian night depression of photosynthesis analyzed in a herb, Pulmonaria vallarsae. Day/night quantitative relationships

Pupillo, Paolo
Primo
Investigation
;
Sparla, Francesca
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Melandri, Bruno A
Penultimo
Formal Analysis
;
Trost, Paolo
Ultimo
Formal Analysis
2022

Abstract

Although many photosynthesis related processes are known to be controlled by the circadian system, consequent changes in photosynthetic activities are poorly understood. Photosynthesis was investigated during the daily cycle by chlorophyll fluorescence using a PAM fluorometer in Pulmonaria vallarsae subsp. apennina, an understory herb. A standard test consists of a light induction pretreatment followed by light response curve (LRC). Comparison of the major diagnostic parameters collected during day and night showed a nocturnal drop of photosynthetic responses, more evident in water-limited plants and consisting of: (i) strong reduction of flash-induced fluorescence peaks (FIP), maximum linear electron transport rate (Jmax, ETREM) and effective PSII quantum yield (phi(PSII)); (ii) strong enhancement of nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) and (iii) little or no change in photochemical quenching qP, maximum quantum yield of linear electron transport (phi), and shape of LRC (theta). A remarkable feature of day/night LRCs at moderate to high irradiance was their linear-parallel course in double-reciprocal plots. Photosynthesis was also monitored in plants subjected to 2-3 days of continuous darkness ("long night"). In such conditions, plants exhibited high but declining peaks of photosynthetic activity during subjective days and a low, constant value with elevated NPQ during subjective night tests. The photosynthetic parameters recorded in subjective days in artificial darkness resembled those under natural day conditions. On the basis of the evidence, we suggest a circadian component and a biochemical feedback inhibition to explain the night depression of photosynthesis in P. vallarsae.
Pupillo, Paolo; Sparla, Francesca; Melandri, Bruno A; Trost, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899196
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