Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal progressive disease with a still unclear multi-factorial etiology. This study focused on the potential relationship between drug exposure and the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis by performing a detailed analysis of events reported in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System database. Methods: The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System quarterly data (January 2004–June 2020) were downloaded and deduplicated. The reporting odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated as a disproportionality measure. The robustness of the disproportion was assessed accounting for major confounders (i.e., using a broader query, restricting to suspect drugs, and excluding reports with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as an indication). Disproportionality signals were prioritized based on their consistency across analyses (reporting odds ratio stability). Results: We retained 1188 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Sixty-two drugs showed significant disproportionality for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis onset in at least one analysis, and 31 had consistent reporting odds ratio stability, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors and statins. Disproportionality signals from ustekinumab, an immunomodulator against interleukins 12–23 used in autoimmune diseases, and the anti-IgE omalizumab were consistent among analyses and unexpected. Conclusions: For each drug emerging as possibly associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis onset, biological plausibility, underlying disease, and reverse causality could be argued. Our findings strengthened the plausibility of a precipitating role of drugs primarily through immunomodulation (e.g., tumor necrosis factor-alpha, ustekinumab, and omalizumab), but also by impacting metabolism and the musculoskeletal integrity (e.g., statins and bisphosphonates). Complement and NF-kB dysregulation could represent interesting topics for planning translational mechanistic studies on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as an adverse drug effect. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis as an Adverse Drug Reaction: A Disproportionality Analysis of the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System

Gaimari A.
Primo
;
Fusaroli M.
Secondo
;
Raschi E.;Baldin E.;Vignatelli L.;De Ponti F.;Poluzzi E.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal progressive disease with a still unclear multi-factorial etiology. This study focused on the potential relationship between drug exposure and the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis by performing a detailed analysis of events reported in the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System database. Methods: The FDA Adverse Event Reporting System quarterly data (January 2004–June 2020) were downloaded and deduplicated. The reporting odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated as a disproportionality measure. The robustness of the disproportion was assessed accounting for major confounders (i.e., using a broader query, restricting to suspect drugs, and excluding reports with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as an indication). Disproportionality signals were prioritized based on their consistency across analyses (reporting odds ratio stability). Results: We retained 1188 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Sixty-two drugs showed significant disproportionality for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis onset in at least one analysis, and 31 had consistent reporting odds ratio stability, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors and statins. Disproportionality signals from ustekinumab, an immunomodulator against interleukins 12–23 used in autoimmune diseases, and the anti-IgE omalizumab were consistent among analyses and unexpected. Conclusions: For each drug emerging as possibly associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis onset, biological plausibility, underlying disease, and reverse causality could be argued. Our findings strengthened the plausibility of a precipitating role of drugs primarily through immunomodulation (e.g., tumor necrosis factor-alpha, ustekinumab, and omalizumab), but also by impacting metabolism and the musculoskeletal integrity (e.g., statins and bisphosphonates). Complement and NF-kB dysregulation could represent interesting topics for planning translational mechanistic studies on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as an adverse drug effect. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
Gaimari A.; Fusaroli M.; Raschi E.; Baldin E.; Vignatelli L.; Nonino F.; De Ponti F.; Mandrioli J.; Poluzzi E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/899160
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