(1) Objective: To describe the usefulness of a real-time therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-based strategy for optimizing pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of continuous infusion (CI) ampicillin-based regimens in a case series of patients affected by suspected or documented enterococcal bloodstream infections (BSIs) and/or infective endocarditis (IE). (2) Methods: Patients treated with CI ampicillin-based regimens for documented or suspected enterococcal BSI/IE who underwent real-time therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-based expert clinical pharmacological advice (ECPA) between June 2021 and May 2022 were retrospectively assessed. Ampicillin concentrations were determined at steady state, and the free fraction (fC(ss)) was calculated according to a plasma protein binding of 20%. The fC(ss)/MIC ratio was selected as the PD parameter for ampicillin efficacy and was defined as optimal for values between 4 and 8. The requirement for TDM-guided ampicillin dosing adjustments was assessed. (3) Results: Data for 12 patients with documented (n = 10) or suspected (n = 2) enterococcal infections (7 with BSIs and 5 with IE) were retrieved. The ampicillin PK/PD target was optimal over time in all of the 10 documented infections. None of the enterococcal BSIs persisted. Following the first real-time TDM-based ECPA, ampicillin dosage was decreased by >50% in 11 out of 12 patients (91.7%). (4) Conclusions: CI may be helpful in attaining aggressive ampicillin PK/PD targets in patients affected by enterococcal BSIs and/or IE. Administration of CI ampicillin after loading coupled with real-time TDM-based ECPA could be a valuable strategy for managing enterococcal infections.

A Proof of Concept of the Usefulness of a TDM-Guided Strategy for Optimizing Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Target of Continuous Infusion Ampicillin-Based Regimens in a Case Series of Patients with Enterococcal Bloodstream Infections and/or Endocarditis / Gatti, M; Tedeschi, S; Trapani, F; Ramirez, S; Mancini, R; Giannella, M; Viale, P; Pea, F. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:8(2022), pp. 1037.1-1037.10. [10.3390/antibiotics11081037]

A Proof of Concept of the Usefulness of a TDM-Guided Strategy for Optimizing Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Target of Continuous Infusion Ampicillin-Based Regimens in a Case Series of Patients with Enterococcal Bloodstream Infections and/or Endocarditis

Gatti, M;Tedeschi, S;Trapani, F;Giannella, M;Viale, P;Pea, F
2022

Abstract

(1) Objective: To describe the usefulness of a real-time therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-based strategy for optimizing pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment of continuous infusion (CI) ampicillin-based regimens in a case series of patients affected by suspected or documented enterococcal bloodstream infections (BSIs) and/or infective endocarditis (IE). (2) Methods: Patients treated with CI ampicillin-based regimens for documented or suspected enterococcal BSI/IE who underwent real-time therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-based expert clinical pharmacological advice (ECPA) between June 2021 and May 2022 were retrospectively assessed. Ampicillin concentrations were determined at steady state, and the free fraction (fC(ss)) was calculated according to a plasma protein binding of 20%. The fC(ss)/MIC ratio was selected as the PD parameter for ampicillin efficacy and was defined as optimal for values between 4 and 8. The requirement for TDM-guided ampicillin dosing adjustments was assessed. (3) Results: Data for 12 patients with documented (n = 10) or suspected (n = 2) enterococcal infections (7 with BSIs and 5 with IE) were retrieved. The ampicillin PK/PD target was optimal over time in all of the 10 documented infections. None of the enterococcal BSIs persisted. Following the first real-time TDM-based ECPA, ampicillin dosage was decreased by >50% in 11 out of 12 patients (91.7%). (4) Conclusions: CI may be helpful in attaining aggressive ampicillin PK/PD targets in patients affected by enterococcal BSIs and/or IE. Administration of CI ampicillin after loading coupled with real-time TDM-based ECPA could be a valuable strategy for managing enterococcal infections.
2022
A Proof of Concept of the Usefulness of a TDM-Guided Strategy for Optimizing Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Target of Continuous Infusion Ampicillin-Based Regimens in a Case Series of Patients with Enterococcal Bloodstream Infections and/or Endocarditis / Gatti, M; Tedeschi, S; Trapani, F; Ramirez, S; Mancini, R; Giannella, M; Viale, P; Pea, F. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:8(2022), pp. 1037.1-1037.10. [10.3390/antibiotics11081037]
Gatti, M; Tedeschi, S; Trapani, F; Ramirez, S; Mancini, R; Giannella, M; Viale, P; Pea, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/897413
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