The prediction of gases and vapors solubility isotherms in semi-crystalline polymers is still an unsolved problem of great technological relevance. This work provides an overview of the existing models developed for the assessment of solubility in semi-crystalline materials and presents a comparative discussion of their strengths and limitations. Experimental evidence suggests that the presence of impermeable crystalline domains is responsible for a reduced sorption capacity of the amorphous network compared to the unconstrained amorphous state. Three different modeling categories are distinguished. A set of models ascribes the reduced sorption capacity exhibited by the amorphous phase to an increased density state induced by the confinement provided by the crystals, which is represented with the application of a hydrostatic constraint pressure term. Using a different perspective, other modeling strategies assume the fraction of elastically effective chains, or ‘tie-chains’ linking crystal domains, to be responsible for increased activity of the penetrating molecules in the matrix and consequently for their lower solubility. Finally, the last category of models proposes the application of the Non-Equilibrium Lattice Fluid theory to the amorphous phase, which is regarded as in a pseudo glassy state, due to the presence of the surrounding crystallites, which are responsible for a hindered structure mobility. The theoretical foundations of the listed approaches are presented, and the relative results are collected and discussed. In conclusion, some prospective work guidelines for modeling strategies improvement are provided.

Modelling solubility in semi-crystalline polymers: a critical comparative review

Atiq O.;Ricci E.;Baschetti M. G.;De Angelis M. G.
2022

Abstract

The prediction of gases and vapors solubility isotherms in semi-crystalline polymers is still an unsolved problem of great technological relevance. This work provides an overview of the existing models developed for the assessment of solubility in semi-crystalline materials and presents a comparative discussion of their strengths and limitations. Experimental evidence suggests that the presence of impermeable crystalline domains is responsible for a reduced sorption capacity of the amorphous network compared to the unconstrained amorphous state. Three different modeling categories are distinguished. A set of models ascribes the reduced sorption capacity exhibited by the amorphous phase to an increased density state induced by the confinement provided by the crystals, which is represented with the application of a hydrostatic constraint pressure term. Using a different perspective, other modeling strategies assume the fraction of elastically effective chains, or ‘tie-chains’ linking crystal domains, to be responsible for increased activity of the penetrating molecules in the matrix and consequently for their lower solubility. Finally, the last category of models proposes the application of the Non-Equilibrium Lattice Fluid theory to the amorphous phase, which is regarded as in a pseudo glassy state, due to the presence of the surrounding crystallites, which are responsible for a hindered structure mobility. The theoretical foundations of the listed approaches are presented, and the relative results are collected and discussed. In conclusion, some prospective work guidelines for modeling strategies improvement are provided.
2022
Atiq O.; Ricci E.; Baschetti M.G.; De Angelis M.G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/897253
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