Nguyen et al. (Prog Earth Planet Sci 7:1, 2020. ) suggest that Landsat 8 OLI can be used to map and monitor soil salinity in the coastal zone of the Mekong River Delta. The authors use empirical correlations between the near-infrared (NIR) band, or vegetation indexes containing the NIR band, and soil salinity. We show that within the coastal portion of the Mekong Delta, extensively ponded due to widespread shrimp farming, about 90% of Landsat 8 pixels are fully or partially covered by water. We then find that, due to strong NIR radiation absorption, NIR reflectance from ponded pixels decreases linearly with increasing water percentage cover, while no significant correlation is found between reflectance and soil salinity. Through detailed new analyses, we conclude that NIR reflectance attenuation cannot be ascribed to vegetation stress caused by soil salinity, but rather to the presence of water ponds. We also show that a similar behavior exists in ponded freshwater inland areas, confirming that the NIR absorption exerted by water is independent of salinity.

Comment on "Soil salinity assessment by using near-infrared channel and Vegetation Soil Salinity Index derived from Landsat 8 OLI data: a case study in the Tra Vinh Province, Mekong Delta, Vietnam" by Kim-Anh Nguyen, Yuei-An Liou, Ha-Phuong Tran, Phi-Phung Hoang and Thanh-Hung Nguyen

Silvestri, S
Primo
;
Chiapponi, E
2022

Abstract

Nguyen et al. (Prog Earth Planet Sci 7:1, 2020. ) suggest that Landsat 8 OLI can be used to map and monitor soil salinity in the coastal zone of the Mekong River Delta. The authors use empirical correlations between the near-infrared (NIR) band, or vegetation indexes containing the NIR band, and soil salinity. We show that within the coastal portion of the Mekong Delta, extensively ponded due to widespread shrimp farming, about 90% of Landsat 8 pixels are fully or partially covered by water. We then find that, due to strong NIR radiation absorption, NIR reflectance from ponded pixels decreases linearly with increasing water percentage cover, while no significant correlation is found between reflectance and soil salinity. Through detailed new analyses, we conclude that NIR reflectance attenuation cannot be ascribed to vegetation stress caused by soil salinity, but rather to the presence of water ponds. We also show that a similar behavior exists in ponded freshwater inland areas, confirming that the NIR absorption exerted by water is independent of salinity.
Silvestri, S; Nguyen, DN; Chiapponi, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/897187
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