Diversification of conventional food-based cropping system with multipurpose lignocellulosic crops could in- crease biodiversity, farmer’s market opportunities, feedstock for biorefineries, though can also imply soil organic carbon (SOC) stock changes, without competing with food production. Sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.), biomass sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), and industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) are annual high yielding lignocellulosic crops with great potential for their multiple applications. The objective of the present study was to identify the SOC changes when the aforementioned crops are grown during the fallow periods of a conventional maize (Zea mays L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation over five years. For this purpose, the SOC, carbon inputs (i.e. above and belowground residues), soil respiration, and cumulative CO2 emissions were evaluated. The experiment was carried out in northern Italy (44◦30′ N, 11◦21′ E) from 2016 to 2021 in a randomized complete block design (n = 4) by adopting conventional field and harvest management practices (i.e. straw removal with hay machineries and alternating conventional with minimum tillage). The SOC stock increased by 7% from 2016 (56 Mg ha−1) to 2021 (60 Mg ha−1), regardless of the rotation system. Despite one of the highest CO2 cumulative soil emissions (11 Mg ha−1 two and three times higher than sunnhemp, kenaf, , and industrial hemp, respectively) the rotation including biomass sorghum ended with higher SOC concentration (7.6 g kg−1) compared with industrial hemp (7 g kg−1) and kenaf (6.9 g kg−1), whereas fallow (7.2 g kg−1) and sunnhemp (7.1 g kg−1) showed intermediate values. The combination of high aboveground residues and high nitrogen fertilizations are deemed to act primarily on SOC level compared with belowground residues. In summary, the crop intensification did not deplete SOC, moreover biomass sorghum cropping system out- performed kenaf and industrial hemp through the decomposition into SOC of higher released residues. The rotation including sunnhemp coupled high SOC levels with low CO2 emissions, raising interest in the light of its nitrogen fixing ability which can further help reducing the system’s carbon footprint.

Soil organic carbon dynamics in multipurpose cropping systems / Parenti A.; Zegada-Lizarazu W.; Pagani E.; Monti A.. - In: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS. - ISSN 0926-6690. - ELETTRONICO. - 187:Part A, 1 November 2022(2022), pp. 115315.1-115315.9. [10.1016/j.indcrop.2022.115315]

Soil organic carbon dynamics in multipurpose cropping systems

Parenti A.;Zegada-Lizarazu W.
;
Pagani E.;Monti A.
2022

Abstract

Diversification of conventional food-based cropping system with multipurpose lignocellulosic crops could in- crease biodiversity, farmer’s market opportunities, feedstock for biorefineries, though can also imply soil organic carbon (SOC) stock changes, without competing with food production. Sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.), biomass sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), and industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) are annual high yielding lignocellulosic crops with great potential for their multiple applications. The objective of the present study was to identify the SOC changes when the aforementioned crops are grown during the fallow periods of a conventional maize (Zea mays L.)-wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation over five years. For this purpose, the SOC, carbon inputs (i.e. above and belowground residues), soil respiration, and cumulative CO2 emissions were evaluated. The experiment was carried out in northern Italy (44◦30′ N, 11◦21′ E) from 2016 to 2021 in a randomized complete block design (n = 4) by adopting conventional field and harvest management practices (i.e. straw removal with hay machineries and alternating conventional with minimum tillage). The SOC stock increased by 7% from 2016 (56 Mg ha−1) to 2021 (60 Mg ha−1), regardless of the rotation system. Despite one of the highest CO2 cumulative soil emissions (11 Mg ha−1 two and three times higher than sunnhemp, kenaf, , and industrial hemp, respectively) the rotation including biomass sorghum ended with higher SOC concentration (7.6 g kg−1) compared with industrial hemp (7 g kg−1) and kenaf (6.9 g kg−1), whereas fallow (7.2 g kg−1) and sunnhemp (7.1 g kg−1) showed intermediate values. The combination of high aboveground residues and high nitrogen fertilizations are deemed to act primarily on SOC level compared with belowground residues. In summary, the crop intensification did not deplete SOC, moreover biomass sorghum cropping system out- performed kenaf and industrial hemp through the decomposition into SOC of higher released residues. The rotation including sunnhemp coupled high SOC levels with low CO2 emissions, raising interest in the light of its nitrogen fixing ability which can further help reducing the system’s carbon footprint.
2022
Soil organic carbon dynamics in multipurpose cropping systems / Parenti A.; Zegada-Lizarazu W.; Pagani E.; Monti A.. - In: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS. - ISSN 0926-6690. - ELETTRONICO. - 187:Part A, 1 November 2022(2022), pp. 115315.1-115315.9. [10.1016/j.indcrop.2022.115315]
Parenti A.; Zegada-Lizarazu W.; Pagani E.; Monti A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/895749
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