Objectives Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors which can present with heterogeneous secretion profiles, clinical manifestations, and radiologic appearance. Under a histopathological point of view, they can be characterized as more or less aggressive with the Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal gland Scaled Score (PASS) and the Grading system for Adrenal Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma (GAPP) score. The aim of this study is to analyze the texture analysis characteristics of pheochromocytoma and identify whether the texture analysis can yield information aiding in the diagnosis and the characterization of those tumors. Methods Radiological, biochemical, and histopathological data regarding 30 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed pheochromocytoma were analyzed. Images obtained in the unenhanced, late arterial, venous, and delayed phases were used for the texture analysis. Results Urinary epinephrine and metanephrine levels showed a significant correlation (R-2 = 0.946; R-2 = 699) in the multivariate linear model with texture features, as well as Ki-67 (R-2 = 0.397), PASS score (R-2 = 0.182), GAPP score (R-2 = 0.705), and cellularity showed a significant correlation (R-2 = 0.389). The cluster analysis based on radiomic features resulted in 2 clusters, with significative differences in terms of systolic and diastolic blood pressure values at the time of diagnosis (p = 0.025), GAPP score (4 vs 6, p = 0.05), histological pattern (1-2, p = 0.039), and comedonecrosis (0% vs 50%, p = 0.013). Conclusion In conclusion, our study provides the proof of concept for the use of texture analysis on contrast-enhanced CT images as a noninvasive, quantitative tool for helping in the characterization of the clinical, biochemical, and histopathological features of pheochromocytoma.

Computerized tomography texture analysis of pheochromocytoma: relationship with hormonal and histopathological data / De Leo, A; Vara, G; Paccapelo, A; Balacchi, C; Vicennati, V; Tucci, L; Pagotto, U; Selva, S; Ricci, C; Alberici, L; Minni, F; Nanni, C; Ambrosi, F; Santini, D; Golfieri, R; Di Dalmazi, G; Mosconi, C. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1720-8386. - STAMPA. - 45:10(2022), pp. 1935-1944. [10.1007/s40618-022-01826-2]

Computerized tomography texture analysis of pheochromocytoma: relationship with hormonal and histopathological data

De Leo, A;Vara, G;Paccapelo, A;Balacchi, C;Vicennati, V;Tucci, L;Pagotto, U;Ricci, C;Alberici, L;Minni, F;Ambrosi, F;Santini, D;Golfieri, R;Di Dalmazi, G;Mosconi, C
2022

Abstract

Objectives Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors which can present with heterogeneous secretion profiles, clinical manifestations, and radiologic appearance. Under a histopathological point of view, they can be characterized as more or less aggressive with the Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal gland Scaled Score (PASS) and the Grading system for Adrenal Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma (GAPP) score. The aim of this study is to analyze the texture analysis characteristics of pheochromocytoma and identify whether the texture analysis can yield information aiding in the diagnosis and the characterization of those tumors. Methods Radiological, biochemical, and histopathological data regarding 30 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed pheochromocytoma were analyzed. Images obtained in the unenhanced, late arterial, venous, and delayed phases were used for the texture analysis. Results Urinary epinephrine and metanephrine levels showed a significant correlation (R-2 = 0.946; R-2 = 699) in the multivariate linear model with texture features, as well as Ki-67 (R-2 = 0.397), PASS score (R-2 = 0.182), GAPP score (R-2 = 0.705), and cellularity showed a significant correlation (R-2 = 0.389). The cluster analysis based on radiomic features resulted in 2 clusters, with significative differences in terms of systolic and diastolic blood pressure values at the time of diagnosis (p = 0.025), GAPP score (4 vs 6, p = 0.05), histological pattern (1-2, p = 0.039), and comedonecrosis (0% vs 50%, p = 0.013). Conclusion In conclusion, our study provides the proof of concept for the use of texture analysis on contrast-enhanced CT images as a noninvasive, quantitative tool for helping in the characterization of the clinical, biochemical, and histopathological features of pheochromocytoma.
2022
Computerized tomography texture analysis of pheochromocytoma: relationship with hormonal and histopathological data / De Leo, A; Vara, G; Paccapelo, A; Balacchi, C; Vicennati, V; Tucci, L; Pagotto, U; Selva, S; Ricci, C; Alberici, L; Minni, F; Nanni, C; Ambrosi, F; Santini, D; Golfieri, R; Di Dalmazi, G; Mosconi, C. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1720-8386. - STAMPA. - 45:10(2022), pp. 1935-1944. [10.1007/s40618-022-01826-2]
De Leo, A; Vara, G; Paccapelo, A; Balacchi, C; Vicennati, V; Tucci, L; Pagotto, U; Selva, S; Ricci, C; Alberici, L; Minni, F; Nanni, C; Ambrosi, F; Santini, D; Golfieri, R; Di Dalmazi, G; Mosconi, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/895227
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