Congenital tumors occur infrequently in cattle. The aim of this study was to detail the clinicopathological phenotype of a Holstein calf with a congenital mast cell tumor and to identify the genetic cause by a whole-genome sequencing (WGS) trio-approach. An 18-day-old male Holstein calf was clinically examed and revealed multifocal, alopecic, thick and wrinkled skin lesions over the entire body. At 6 months of age, the general condition of the calf was characterized by retarded growth, poor nutritional status, and ulceration of the skin lesions. Histopathological examination revealed a primary cutaneous, poorly differentiated embryonal mast cell tumor with metastases in the lymph nodes and liver. Genetic analysis revealed a private X-linked variant in the PLP2 gene (chrX:87216480C > T; c.50C > T), which was present only in the genomes of the case (hemizygous) and his mother (heterozygous). It was absent in the sire as well as in 5365 control genomes. The identified missense variant exchanges the encoded amino acid of PLP2 at position 17 (p.Thr17Ile), which is classified as deleterious and affects a protein that plays a role in tumor growth and metastasis. Therefore, we suggested that the detected PLPL2 variant could be a plausible cause for this congenital condition in the affected calf.

A Missense Variant in PLP2 in Holstein Cattle with X-Linked Congenital Mast Cell Tumor / Jacinto, Joana G. P.; Muscatello, Luisa Vera; Häfliger, Irene M.; Benazzi, Cinzia; Bolcato, Marilena; Gentile, Arcangelo; Drögemüller, Cord. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:18(2022), pp. 2329.1-2329.12. [10.3390/ani12182329]

A Missense Variant in PLP2 in Holstein Cattle with X-Linked Congenital Mast Cell Tumor

Jacinto, Joana G. P.
Primo
;
Muscatello, Luisa Vera;Benazzi, Cinzia
;
Bolcato, Marilena;Gentile, Arcangelo;
2022

Abstract

Congenital tumors occur infrequently in cattle. The aim of this study was to detail the clinicopathological phenotype of a Holstein calf with a congenital mast cell tumor and to identify the genetic cause by a whole-genome sequencing (WGS) trio-approach. An 18-day-old male Holstein calf was clinically examed and revealed multifocal, alopecic, thick and wrinkled skin lesions over the entire body. At 6 months of age, the general condition of the calf was characterized by retarded growth, poor nutritional status, and ulceration of the skin lesions. Histopathological examination revealed a primary cutaneous, poorly differentiated embryonal mast cell tumor with metastases in the lymph nodes and liver. Genetic analysis revealed a private X-linked variant in the PLP2 gene (chrX:87216480C > T; c.50C > T), which was present only in the genomes of the case (hemizygous) and his mother (heterozygous). It was absent in the sire as well as in 5365 control genomes. The identified missense variant exchanges the encoded amino acid of PLP2 at position 17 (p.Thr17Ile), which is classified as deleterious and affects a protein that plays a role in tumor growth and metastasis. Therefore, we suggested that the detected PLPL2 variant could be a plausible cause for this congenital condition in the affected calf.
2022
A Missense Variant in PLP2 in Holstein Cattle with X-Linked Congenital Mast Cell Tumor / Jacinto, Joana G. P.; Muscatello, Luisa Vera; Häfliger, Irene M.; Benazzi, Cinzia; Bolcato, Marilena; Gentile, Arcangelo; Drögemüller, Cord. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:18(2022), pp. 2329.1-2329.12. [10.3390/ani12182329]
Jacinto, Joana G. P.; Muscatello, Luisa Vera; Häfliger, Irene M.; Benazzi, Cinzia; Bolcato, Marilena; Gentile, Arcangelo; Drögemüller, Cord
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/894876
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