The prediction of the carcinogenic risk for humans is mostly based on animal experiments. For the last 20 years, however, the scientific community has paid great attention to alternative strategies in compliance with common moral and ethical values. The new European chemical regulation REACH (Reg. EC 1907/2006) requires the performance of new studies in vertebrates only as a last resort. REACH asks for the development of validated in vitro protocols that can replace, in the medium to the long term, animal bioassays. An in vitro cell transformation assay (CTA) is proposed as an alternative to in vivo carcinogenicity testing. This assay is reported in the list of accepted methods for REACH (Reg. EC 440/2008). The BALB/c 3T3 model represents one of the most well-known CTAs and is regarded as a useful tool to screen single chemicals or complex mixtures for carcinogenicity prediction. In this study we used a modified protocol to highlight the transforming potential of three single compounds, ethinylestradiol (EE), azathioprine (AZA-T), melphalan, and two polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) mixtures, which are known or suspected to be human carcinogens. We also evaluated the activity of the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid, a promising tumor chemopreventive. This supports the use of BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay as a possible alternative to predict carcinogenic risk to humans.

BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay for the prediction of carcinogenic potential

MASCOLO, MARIA GRAZIA;PERDICHIZZI, STEFANIA;ROTONDO, FRANCESCA;MORANDI, ELENA;GUERRINI, ANGELA;SILINGARDI, PAOLA;VACCARI, MONICA;GRILLI, SANDRO;COLACCI, ANNAMARIA
2010

Abstract

The prediction of the carcinogenic risk for humans is mostly based on animal experiments. For the last 20 years, however, the scientific community has paid great attention to alternative strategies in compliance with common moral and ethical values. The new European chemical regulation REACH (Reg. EC 1907/2006) requires the performance of new studies in vertebrates only as a last resort. REACH asks for the development of validated in vitro protocols that can replace, in the medium to the long term, animal bioassays. An in vitro cell transformation assay (CTA) is proposed as an alternative to in vivo carcinogenicity testing. This assay is reported in the list of accepted methods for REACH (Reg. EC 440/2008). The BALB/c 3T3 model represents one of the most well-known CTAs and is regarded as a useful tool to screen single chemicals or complex mixtures for carcinogenicity prediction. In this study we used a modified protocol to highlight the transforming potential of three single compounds, ethinylestradiol (EE), azathioprine (AZA-T), melphalan, and two polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) mixtures, which are known or suspected to be human carcinogens. We also evaluated the activity of the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid, a promising tumor chemopreventive. This supports the use of BALB/c 3T3 cell transformation assay as a possible alternative to predict carcinogenic risk to humans.
M.G. Mascolo; S. Perdichizzi; F. Rotondo; E. Morandi; A. Guerrini; P. Silingardi; M. Vaccari; S. Grilli; A. Colacci
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/89474
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact