The so-called Covid-science – the research, especially the biomedical research on the biological, clinical, epidemiological, pharmacological, and psycho-sociological aspects of Covid-19 - can be considered an important case study for the philosophy of science and the philosophy of medicine. In this contribution, we briefly illustrate three cases of Covid-science in which we have identified and discussed the role of values, particularly non epistemic values: the definition of death caused by Covid-19, the choice of parameters in epidemiological models, with particular attention to the “magic” reproduction number R, and the issue of the communicative failure of the AstraZeneca vaccine. The purpose of this analysis is to show that admitting that biomedical science includes non-epistemic elements is not to deny or diminish its objectivity. Rather, detecting the role of values in specific contexts allows them to be subjected to public discussion and thus, prospectively, allows for providing shared reasons for them.

La nostra ricerca (Amoretti, Lalumera, 2021a, 2021b, 2022, manuscript) ha indagato come in alcuni casi elementi non epistemici – considerazioni valoriali e scopi pragmatici – entrino in gioco nella defini- zione dei concetti teorici e nella valutazione dei risultati nella scienza pandemica. In questo contributo illustriamo brevemente tre casi di scienza pandemica in cui abbiamo individuato e discusso il ruolo dei valori non epistemici: la definizione di morte causata da Covid-19, la scelta dei parametri nei modelli epidemiologici, con particolare attenzione al fatidico “numero R” di riproduzione del virus, e la questione del fallimento comunicativo del cosiddetto vaccino AstraZeneca.

EVIDENZA, VALORI, RAZIONALITÀ: TRE CASI DI COVID-SCIENCE Evidence, values, rationality: Three examples of Covid-science / Amoretti, M.C; Lalumera, E.. - In: SISTEMI INTELLIGENTI. - ISSN 1120-9550. - STAMPA. - 34:2(2022), pp. 403-422. [10.1422/105046]

EVIDENZA, VALORI, RAZIONALITÀ: TRE CASI DI COVID-SCIENCE Evidence, values, rationality: Three examples of Covid-science

Amoretti, M. C
Co-primo
;
Lalumera, E.
Co-primo
2022

Abstract

The so-called Covid-science – the research, especially the biomedical research on the biological, clinical, epidemiological, pharmacological, and psycho-sociological aspects of Covid-19 - can be considered an important case study for the philosophy of science and the philosophy of medicine. In this contribution, we briefly illustrate three cases of Covid-science in which we have identified and discussed the role of values, particularly non epistemic values: the definition of death caused by Covid-19, the choice of parameters in epidemiological models, with particular attention to the “magic” reproduction number R, and the issue of the communicative failure of the AstraZeneca vaccine. The purpose of this analysis is to show that admitting that biomedical science includes non-epistemic elements is not to deny or diminish its objectivity. Rather, detecting the role of values in specific contexts allows them to be subjected to public discussion and thus, prospectively, allows for providing shared reasons for them.
2022
EVIDENZA, VALORI, RAZIONALITÀ: TRE CASI DI COVID-SCIENCE Evidence, values, rationality: Three examples of Covid-science / Amoretti, M.C; Lalumera, E.. - In: SISTEMI INTELLIGENTI. - ISSN 1120-9550. - STAMPA. - 34:2(2022), pp. 403-422. [10.1422/105046]
Amoretti, M.C; Lalumera, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/894577
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