Treatment options for dogs with metastatic (stage III) splenic hemangiosarcoma are limited. A doxorubicin-based chemotherapy regimen is commonly administered; however, there are no published data to support this practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of maximum-tolerated-dose chemotherapy (MTD), metronomic chemotherapy (MC) and no adjuvant treatment on outcome in dogs with stage III splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy. Medical records of dogs with stage III splenic hemangiosarcoma that underwent splenectomy followed by MTD chemotherapy, MC or no adjuvant treatment were retrieved. Time to progression (TTP), survival time (ST) and toxicity were evaluated. One hundred three dogs were identified: 23 received adjuvant MTD, 38 MC and 42 were not medically treated. Overall median TTP and ST were 50 (95% confidence interval [CI], 39-61) and 55 days (95% CI, 43-66), respectively. Dogs treated with adjuvant MTD had a significantly longer TTP and ST compared with dogs receiving MC (median TTP, 134 vs 52 days, P = .025; median ST, 140 vs 58 days, P = .023, respectively). Dogs treated by splenectomy only had the shortest median TTP (28 days) and ST (40 days). However, treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were significantly more frequent in the MTD group (P = .017). The outcome for dogs with metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma is poor. While MTD showed greater efficacy compared to MC, toxicity was higher in this group. Treatment-related AEs need to be carefully balanced against this modest survival prolongation when offering adjuvant MTD to dogs with advanced stage hemangiosarcoma.

Adjuvant anthracycline-based vs metronomic chemotherapy vs no medical treatment for dogs with metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma: A multi-institutional retrospective study of the Italian Society of Veterinary Oncology / Marconato, Laura; Chalfon, Carmit; Finotello, Riccardo; Polton, Gerry; Vasconi, Maria E; Annoni, Maurizio; Stefanello, Damiano; Mesto, Paola; Capitani, Ombretta; Agnoli, Chiara; Amati, Maria; Sabattini, Silvia. - In: VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1476-5829. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(2019), pp. 537-544. [10.1111/vco.12519]

Adjuvant anthracycline-based vs metronomic chemotherapy vs no medical treatment for dogs with metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma: A multi-institutional retrospective study of the Italian Society of Veterinary Oncology

Marconato, Laura;Capitani, Ombretta;Agnoli, Chiara;Sabattini, Silvia
2019

Abstract

Treatment options for dogs with metastatic (stage III) splenic hemangiosarcoma are limited. A doxorubicin-based chemotherapy regimen is commonly administered; however, there are no published data to support this practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of maximum-tolerated-dose chemotherapy (MTD), metronomic chemotherapy (MC) and no adjuvant treatment on outcome in dogs with stage III splenic hemangiosarcoma undergoing splenectomy. Medical records of dogs with stage III splenic hemangiosarcoma that underwent splenectomy followed by MTD chemotherapy, MC or no adjuvant treatment were retrieved. Time to progression (TTP), survival time (ST) and toxicity were evaluated. One hundred three dogs were identified: 23 received adjuvant MTD, 38 MC and 42 were not medically treated. Overall median TTP and ST were 50 (95% confidence interval [CI], 39-61) and 55 days (95% CI, 43-66), respectively. Dogs treated with adjuvant MTD had a significantly longer TTP and ST compared with dogs receiving MC (median TTP, 134 vs 52 days, P = .025; median ST, 140 vs 58 days, P = .023, respectively). Dogs treated by splenectomy only had the shortest median TTP (28 days) and ST (40 days). However, treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were significantly more frequent in the MTD group (P = .017). The outcome for dogs with metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma is poor. While MTD showed greater efficacy compared to MC, toxicity was higher in this group. Treatment-related AEs need to be carefully balanced against this modest survival prolongation when offering adjuvant MTD to dogs with advanced stage hemangiosarcoma.
2019
Adjuvant anthracycline-based vs metronomic chemotherapy vs no medical treatment for dogs with metastatic splenic hemangiosarcoma: A multi-institutional retrospective study of the Italian Society of Veterinary Oncology / Marconato, Laura; Chalfon, Carmit; Finotello, Riccardo; Polton, Gerry; Vasconi, Maria E; Annoni, Maurizio; Stefanello, Damiano; Mesto, Paola; Capitani, Ombretta; Agnoli, Chiara; Amati, Maria; Sabattini, Silvia. - In: VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1476-5829. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(2019), pp. 537-544. [10.1111/vco.12519]
Marconato, Laura; Chalfon, Carmit; Finotello, Riccardo; Polton, Gerry; Vasconi, Maria E; Annoni, Maurizio; Stefanello, Damiano; Mesto, Paola; Capitani, Ombretta; Agnoli, Chiara; Amati, Maria; Sabattini, Silvia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/893860
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